[Source: OIE, full page: (LINK). Edited.]


Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Cambodia


Information received on 16/03/2014 from Dr Sen Sovann, Deputy Secretary General , Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries , Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries , Phnom Penh, Cambodia
  • Summary
    • Report type Follow-up report No. 2
    • Date of start of the event 07/02/2014
    • Date of pre-confirmation of the event 10/02/2014
    • Report date 15/03/2014
    • Date submitted to OIE 16/03/2014
    • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    • Date of previous occurrence 18/08/2013
    • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    • Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    • Serotype H5N1
    • Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    • This event pertains to the whole country
    • Related reports
      • Immediate notification (12/02/2014)
      • Follow-up report No. 1 (26/02/2014)
      • Follow-up report No. 2 (15/03/2014)

  • New outbreaks (1)
    • Outbreak 1 (110/14 NaVRI) - Cambodia Agriculture Research and Development Institute (CARDI), Sangkat Pratas Lang, Khan Dangkao, PHNOM PENH
      • Date of start of the outbreak 24/02/2014
      • Outbreak status Resolved (27/02/2014)
      • Epidemiological unit Farm
      • Affected animals: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
        • Birds - 200 83 83 117 0
        • Affected population: Local chicken farm raising for research at the institute.

  • Summary of outbreaks
    • Total outbreaks: 1
      • Total animals affected: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
        • Birds 200 83 83 117 0

      • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Birds - 41.50% - 41.50% - 100.00% - 100.00%
        • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter

  • Epidemiology
    • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive

  • Epidemiological comments
    • After receiving the report from poultry owners, the district and provincial veterinarians went there.
    • They collected some samples from chicken, ducks, and geese and send them to the National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI).
    • The results were confirmed positive for highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1.

  • Control measures
    • Measures applied
      • Stamping out
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
      • Dipping / Spraying
      • Vaccination prohibited
      • No treatment of affected animals

    • Measures to be applied
      • No other measures

  • Diagnostic test results
    • Laboratory name and type: Species Test - Test date Result
      • National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI) (National laboratory) Birds - anatomo-pathological examination - 26/02/2014 Positive
      • National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI) (National laboratory) Birds - real-time PCR - 26/02/2014 - Positive

  • Future Reporting
    • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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