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Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Cambodia (OIE, February 26 2014): 2 New Poultry Outbreaks

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  • Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Cambodia (OIE, February 26 2014): 2 New Poultry Outbreaks

    [Source: OIE, full page: (LINK). Edited.]


    Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1, Cambodia


    Information received on 26/02/2014 from Dr Sen Sovann, Deputy Secretary General , Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries , Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries , Phnom Penh, Cambodia
    • Summary
      • Report type Follow-up report No. 1
      • Date of start of the event 07/02/2014
      • Date of pre-confirmation of the event 10/02/2014
      • Report date 26/02/2014
      • Date submitted to OIE 26/02/2014
      • Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
      • Date of previous occurrence 18/08/2013
      • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      • Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
      • Serotype H5N1
      • Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
      • This event pertains to the whole country
      • Related reports
        • Immediate notification (12/02/2014)
        • Follow-up report No. 1 (26/02/2014)

    • New outbreaks (2)
      • Outbreak 1 (100/14 NaVRI) - Peam Lvea, Trapang Chau, Aoral, KG. SPEU
        • Date of start of the outbreak 18/02/2014
        • Outbreak status Resolved (25/02/2014)
        • Epidemiological unit Village
        • Affected animals: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
          • Birds - 450 210 210 240 0
          • Affected population Backyard poultry

      • Outbreak 2 (101/14 NaVRI) - Tuol Sangkae, Kampong Kong, Koh Thom, KANDAL
        • Date of start of the outbreak 19/02/2014
        • Outbreak status Resolved (25/02/2014)
        • Epidemiological unit Village
        • Affected animals: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
          • Birds - 250 200 200 50 0
          • Affected population Duck flocks in two households.

    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 2
        • Total animals affected: Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
          • Birds 700 410 410 290 0

        • Outbreak statistics: Species - Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          • Birds - 58.57% - 58.57% - 100.00% - 100.00%
          • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter

    • Epidemiology
      • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
        • Unknown or inconclusive

    • Epidemiological comments
      • After receiving the report from farmers, the district and provincial veterinarians went there.
      • They collected some samples from chicken and ducks and send them to the National Veterinary Research Institute (NaVRI).
      • Results were positive for highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1.

    • Control measures
      • Measures applied
        • Stamping out
        • Movement control inside the country
        • Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
        • Dipping / Spraying
        • Vaccination prohibited
        • No treatment of affected animals

      • Measures to be applied
        • No other measures

    • Diagnostic test results
      • Laboratory name and type Species Test - Test date Result
        • National Veterinary Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds - anatomo-pathological examination - 24/02/2014 Positive
        • National Veterinary Research Institute (National laboratory) Birds - real-time PCR - 24/02/2014 Positive

    • Future Reporting
      • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

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