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Nepal - 1 new outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in birds in farm, Morang, Koshi (OIE, September 02, 2019)

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  • Nepal - 1 new outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 in birds in farm, Morang, Koshi (OIE, September 02, 2019)

    Highly pathogenic avian influenza,
    Nepal
    Information received on 02/09/2019 from Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal, Director General, Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, NEPAL, Nepal
    Summary
    Report type Follow-up report No. 2
    Date of start of the event 11/06/2019
    Date of confirmation of the event 21/06/2019
    Report date 02/09/2019
    Date submitted to OIE 02/09/2019
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 05/2019
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
    Serotype H5N1
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    This event pertains to the whole country
    Related reports Immediate notification (25/06/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 1 (26/06/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 2 (02/09/2019)
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 Kanepokhari-3, Harakpur, Harakpur , Morang, Koshi
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2019
    Outbreak status Resolved (02/09/2019)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 417 195 195 222 0
    Affected population Mixed poultry farm with turkeys, backyard chickens, ducks and quails of various age groups
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 417 195 195 222 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds 46.76% 46.76% 100.00% 100.00%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Epidemiological comments Rapid Response Team has been mobilized in the infected area. A total of 64 turkeys, 55 ducks, 85 backyard laying hens, 18 quails, 400 kg poultry feed and 1,500 kg feed ingredients have been destroyed and disposed of by the team. Stamping out, cleaning and disinfection are completed. Post-operative surveillance outside the containment zone is ongoing.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Traceability
    • Quarantine
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Stamping out
    • Disinfection
    • Vaccination prohibited
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) Birds rapid tests 30/08/2019 Positive
    Central Veterinary Laboratory, Tripureshwor (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 30/08/2019 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    https://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/w...reportid=31621
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela
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