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Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe - 2011/2012

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  • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

    Germany - Current Information on Schmallenberg virus

    last updated November 13, 2012

    As of 21 May case numbers and map will be updated weekly.

    In Germany animals from 1930 holdings have been tested positive for Schmallenberg virus so far.

    The cases occurred in 1006 cattle holdings, 876 sheep holdings and 48 goat holdings.


    Affected federal states are North Rhine-Westphalia (269 cattle, 273 sheep, 13 goat holdings), Lower Saxony (226 cattle, 143 sheep, 6 goat holdings), Hesse (123 cattle, 137 sheep holdings, 9 goat holdings), Schleswig-Holstein (111 cattle, 102 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Rhineland-Palatinate (1 Bison holding, 51 cattle, 43 sheep, 5 goat holdings), Baden-Wuerttemberg (38 cattle, 25 sheep, 6 goat holdings), Brandenburg (24 cattle, 21 sheep holdings), Thuringia (28 cattle, 31 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Saxony-Anhalt (19 cattle, 23 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Hamburg (2 cattle, 6 sheep holdings), Bavaria (92 cattle, 22 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saxony (9 cattle holding, 36 sheep holdings), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (12 cattle, 10 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saarland (1 cattle holding, 4 sheep, 2 goat holdings) and Berlin (1 sheep holding).

    FLI

    Link to map
    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

    Comment


    • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

      From the United Kingdom

      Mystery surrounds calf and lamb losses

      Rhian Price

      Friday 16 November 2012

      Mystery surrounds pregnancy scanning results, which show potentially devastating numbers of calf and lamb losses on UK farms.

      Livestock producers face early lambing losses as high as two-thirds on some farms, suggest initial results. Many scanners are reporting barren ewes, failed pregnancies or dead foetuses. Cattle losses are almost as bad in some places.

      There is a "strong suspicion" that the Schmallenberg virus could be to blame, say some vets. But other causes, such as poor nutrition following a year of extreme wet weather, have been cited by other vets and animal health experts.

      John Barnes, a scanner in the north east of England, told Farmers Weekly he had recorded problems in about two-thirds of 10,000 ewes across 80 flocks. One farm later tested positive with the Schmallenberg virus, which can cause death and deformity in unborn livestock.

      Cattle scans revealed up to 50% of 4,000 cows scanned were showing either empty or with dead calves.


      Other operators have begun to report similar problems as scanning gets into full swing ahead of next spring's lambing season.

      In the West Midlands, scanner Phil Preece reported anomalies in about a third of 8,000 early lambing ewes examined so far this year. Mr Preece said it was a "real one-off" and he had not experienced results like it in 14 years of scanning.

      Both men said they had spoken to other scanners who reported similar issues.

      It is not known if these cases are linked to the Schmallenberg virus, but flocks at highest risk from the virus would have been those tupped in late summer or early autumn when midge activity was at its highest.

      Read more: Farmers Weekly
      “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

      Comment


      • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

        machinetranslation

        Norway: antibodies to Schmallenberg virus detected in milk

        Published: 11/14/2012

        The Veterinary Institute found antibodies against Schmallenberg virus in milk samples from cattle herds in eastern Norway. Detection of antibodies means that the animal has been infected by the virus at one time or another. Schmallenberg virus is not contagious to humans. It is not dangerous to drink milk or eat meat from animals that are infected.

        25. October this year, the National Veterinary Institute that Schmallenberg virus was detected in Norway for the first time. The virus was found in biting midges. When biting midges sucking blood from infected animals can transmit the virus to other animals they suck blood from. The virus can cause brief illness in cattle and sheep. Animals that are infected early in pregnancy may have babies that are stillborn or who have severe deformities.

        Not dangerous to drink milk or eat meat

        Now, antibodies against the virus detected in samples of milk from Norway. The samples are examined as part of a monitoring program that FSA and Veterinary Institute collaborate. It is not dangerous to drink milk or eat meat from animals in the herds milk comes from ..

        Mapping the extent

        Schmallenberg is not considered a dangerous disease, but may have implications for those engaged in livestock. Veterinary Institute and the FSA are now working to examine milk from throughout southern Norway to get a picture of the spread. Currently there are 532 milk samples examined, and of these 72 samples were positive. Veterinary Institute, believes the results from the remaining 1700 samples have been received will be ready within the next week. FSA is now underway to probe into some of the herds who delivered milk that contains antibodies against the virus.


        Read more: Mattilsynet



        More details (in Norwegian).

        .
        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

        Comment


        • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

          Germany: current Information on Schmallenberg virus

          last updated November 20, 2012

          As of 21 May case numbers and map will be updated weekly.

          In Germany animals from 1951 holdings have been tested positive for Schmallenberg virus so far.

          The cases occurred in 1026 cattle holdings, 877 sheep holdings and 48 goat holdings.


          Affected federal states are North Rhine-Westphalia (269 cattle, 273 sheep, 13 goat holdings), Lower Saxony (226 cattle, 143 sheep, 6 goat holdings), Hesse (123 cattle, 137 sheep holdings, 9 goat holdings), Schleswig-Holstein (111 cattle, 102 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Rhineland-Palatinate (1 Bison holding, 51 cattle, 43 sheep, 5 goat holdings), Baden-Wuerttemberg (40 cattle, 25 sheep, 6 goat holdings), Brandenburg (24 cattle, 21 sheep holdings), Thuringia (28 cattle, 31 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Saxony-Anhalt (19 cattle, 23 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Hamburg (2 cattle, 6 sheep holdings), Bavaria (109 cattle, 23 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saxony (10 cattle holdings, 36 sheep holdings), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (12 cattle, 10 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saarland (1 cattle holding, 4 sheep, 2 goat holdings) and Berlin (1 sheep holding).

          FLI

          Link to updated map
          “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
          Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

          ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

          Comment


          • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

            Untill today SBV was reported from northern Italy, Veneto region. Now the the first cases from Sardinia: malformed lambs were found which tested postive.

            machinetranslation

            A Tertenia case of Schmallenberg virus alarm for livestock

            November 22, 2012

            Found in the island's new pathogen that affects ruminants discovered in 2011 in Germany. The confirmation of the outbreak reached by the Zooprofilattico after the first clinical suspicion and the analyzes carried out in a herd of Tertenia Ogliastra.

            Are immediately taken protective measures required by health protocols and around the area, within a radius of 4 km has been strengthened entomological surveillance.

            La Prima Pagina

            SCHMALLENBERG VIRUS, THE FIRST CONFIRMED CASE IN OGLIASTRA. TWO SUSPECTS IN SASSARI

            Institute zooprofilattico of Sardinia has found in Ogliastra, in a herd of Tertenia , the first case of Schmallenberg virus (SBV ), disease identified in Germany last year that can 'hit sheep, cattle and goats. Two more suspected cases have been reported in the territory of the ASL of Sassari in as many sheep Mores and Sassari.La confirmation of the first confirmed case in the island and 'arrived this morning from Cesme-Reference Centre of exotic diseases of Teramo.

            Already 'taken protective measures and health protocols and animals from the affected were subjected to new tests. Within a radius of four kilometers around breeding and 'been strengthened surveillance for the presence entomology insect vector, C. imicola, whose presence and 'Ogliastra favored by high temperatures this month. The Schmallenberg virus is named after the German town where it was isolated for the first time in affected animals and causes fever, decreased milk production, involvement of the genital sphere of pregnant animals, fetuses, stillbirths, birth defects and miscarriages.

            Radiopress



            “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
            Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

            ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

            Comment


            • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

              SBV all over France

              Emerging Infectious Disease Journal

              Acute Schmallenberg Virus Infections, France, 2012

              To the Editor: After unexpected emergence of bluetongue virus serotype 8 in northern Europe in 2006 (1), another arbovirus, Schmallenberg virus (SBV), which is transmitted by Culicoides spp. biting midges, emerged in Europe in 2011 and caused disease outbreaks among ruminants (2). Nonspecific clinical signs such as fever, decreased milk production, and diarrhea were associated with acute infection in cattle, and late abortions and birth defects in newborns were associated with infection of pregnant cows, ewes, and goats (2,3).

              SBV, which belongs to the family Bunyaviridae and genus Orthobunyavirus, was detected in Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium in 2011. This virus was later detected in the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain, Denmark, and Switzerland (4). As of August 1, 2012, a total of 5,701 infected farms were reported in Europe (2,498 sheep farms, 3,124 cattle farms, and 79 goats farms) (www.survepi.org/cerepi/). France has been the country most affected: it had 2,650 SBV-infected farms (5), (i.e., in which >1 malformed offspring was positive for SBV by real-time reverse transcription PCR [RT-PCR] on 1,128 sheep farms, 1,505 cattle farms, and 17 goat farms).
              Abnormalities detected in offspring in 2011 and in early 2012 were caused by infections acquired in 2011 (4). At that time, it was unclear whether SBV could survive the 2011–2012 winter and remain a threat to Europe. We report data suggesting that SBV overwintered or was reintroduced in France.
              Figure

              On May 16, 2012, a herd of 75 dairy cows in southwestern France (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) had hyperthermia and decreased milk production. Of 18 cows tested by the Agence Nationale de Sécurité Sanitaire (Maisons-Alfort, France), 9 were positive for SBV by PCR (6) (cycle threshold [Ct] range 17–36.5) and negative for SBV by ELISA (IDVet, Montpellier, France), 1 was positive by PCR and ELISA, and 8 were negative by PCR and ELISA (Figure).

              On May 23, a week after the first samples were collected, all cows tested were positive by ELISA and only 1/18 cows were positive by RT-PCR. On June 29, all 18 cows tested were negative by RT-PCR. Detection of SBV-neutralizing antibodies by virus neutralization assay in serum samples obtained on May 23 confirmed SBV ELISA results and showed that a commercial IgG ELISA is suitable for detection of acute cases of SBV.

              Viremia, as measured by RT-PCR, occurs during the first 5 days after acute infection (2). Antibody response against SBV, as measured by ELISA, is detected during or after the first 10 days after experimental infection (C. Sailleau et al., unpub. data). Accordingly, serologic and molecular data showed that acute SBV infection occurred in cattle in southwestern France in May 2012, suggesting that SBV overwintered or was reintroduced.

              Moreover, in July 2012, another case of acute SBV infection was identified in Finistère (Brittany). A cow with hyperthermia and diarrhea was SBV positive by RT-PCR (Ct 31) and negative by ELISA, which indicated a recent SBV infection.

              Three blood samples (each 170 µL) from RT-PCR–positive cows (Ct range 15–21) (1 from the Finistère and 2 from Pyrénées-Atlantiques) were injected into 3 adult IFNAR−/− mice. Seventy microliters of each sample was injected intraperitoneally and 100 μL was injected into the neck scruff of the same mice. After 4 days, the mice showed no clinical signs and their weights were unchanged. Blood samples were collected and tested for SBV by RT-PCR. All mice were positive for SBV RNA (Ct range 15–21). These data showed that blood samples from cows contained virus RNA and confirmed that SBV reemerged in 2012.

              On July 25, 2012, SBV infection was identified in a cow in Jura Canton in the northwestern, French-speaking region of Switzerland (Romandie) (7). A serologic study conducted in the United Kingdom showed that several cattle and sheep seroconverted for SBV in 2012 (8). However, our data show that SBV survived the winter, when midge numbers decreased. The precise mechanisms of SBV overwintering are not known and need to be explored.

              The consequences of SBV recirculation should be investigated, particularly in pregnant cows, ewes, and goats. The 2 SBV-positive farms described in this report are located in a previously SBV-free area (Finistère-Brittany) or an area in which the infection rate was low (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) in the winter of 2011–2012, during which seroprevalence for most herds was probably weak (C. Sailleau et al., unpub. data). Therefore, reemergence of cases of congenital forms of SBV infection in France and others areas of Europe can be expected.
              “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
              Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

              ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

              Comment


              • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                More reports coming in from Sardinia, Italia.

                machinetranslation

                In Ozieri the third suspected case of Sassari in Schmallenberg

                23/11/2012

                SASSARI. rises to three cases of suspected disease of Schmallenberg in the area of jurisdiction of the ASL of Sassari.

                The third case of infection was reported today to Ozieri, in Location "salatu." In a herd consists of 534 sheep were reported 13 suspected abortions.

                In the meantime, expect confirmatory analysis by IZS of Teramo, for infections reported last night in two other farms of Sassari .

                The company surveyed in the town of Morecambe is located in loc. "Sa Cunzessione", where present of 295 sheep, 28 leaders have experienced symptoms while 15 lambs died with birth defects.

                Holding of Sassari, located in loc. "Baratz," of 392 leaders present, four sheep showed symptoms, 10 lambs were killed with birth defects.

                's Crisis Unit met last night in Sassari, Department of Prevention has taken steps to assign tasks and define tasks: survey of companies, delimitation of 4 km surveillance area around the suspected case, identification of the animal movement.

                Areas of surveillance rise, therefore, three with 156 companies involved, 3,649 cattle, 37,933 sheep and 203 goats in the range of 4 km delimited.

                Read more: Sassari Notizie
                “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                Comment


                • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                  Pressrelease National Veterinary Institute SVA - Sweden

                  machinetranslation

                  november 27, 2012

                  New virus in sheep and cattle in Sweden

                  For the first time, the proliferation of Schmallenbergvirus confirmed in Sweden and studies show that the infection is widespread in the country.

                  Viruses have also been demonstrated in the midges that spread the disease. Infection with the virus can lead to malformed fetuses in sheep, goats and cattle. The infection will not lead to any restrictions imposed by the Board of Agriculture and the keepers will be able to move their animals as usual.

                  In late 2011 found a new virus in ruminants in Germany, Holland and Belgium. In 2012 it spread to many more countries in Europe. The virus is named after the place where it was first discovered, Schmallenberg. The virus does not spread to humans and it is not dangerous to drink milk or eat meat from animals that have had the infection. Agriculture and the National Veterinary Institute (SVA) has conducted a national survey of cow's milk from many farms investigated because antibodies to the virus is excreted in the milk . A large proportion of the samples indicates that there are antibodies. SVA also demonstrated virus in samples from three midges, the insect that spreads the disease. - In view of the reports of contamination levels we have received from the neighboring countries in recent times, the results are not unexpected. Since the infection is spread by midges, no contamination during the winter, says Erika Chenais, epidemiologist at SVA.

                  The pregnancy of ruminants affected by the virus

                  The virus has affected pregnancy in ruminants in Sweden suspected of including in a sheep herd in south-eastern Sweden. Several of the animals that did not become pregnant also had antibodies to the virus. This implies a relationship but is no definitive evidence that virus infection has caused the symptoms, which may also have other causes. Earlier this year found evidence of infection in Sweden last autumn, but it is not until now has anyone seen a proliferation and possible links between the infection and the symptoms of ruminants in the country. A major outbreak involving cattle and sheep in early pregnancy can cause serious production losses.

                  SVA

                  Link to map

                  .
                  “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                  Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                  ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                  Comment


                  • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                    machinetranslation

                    Pressrelease Norwegian Veterinary Institute

                    Schmallenbergvirus widespread along the coast of southern Norway

                    Published: 11/27/2012

                    Examination of milk samples for Scmallenbervirus shows that many herds in southern Norway have been infected by the virus.

                    Fisheries and Veterinary Institute has conducted a survey of bulk milk samples for antibodies against Schmallenbergvirus from herds in southern Norway. By ca. 2400 herds that have been examined have more than 400 herds antibodies against the virus, most infected situated along the coast and rivers. There are large regional differences regarding the proportion of positive herds, with more than 50% positive in the counties of Østfold, Vestfold, Aust-Agder, while it is less than 2% positive herds in Rogaland.

                    Schmallenbergvirus transmitted by biting midges and can infect cattle, sheep, goats and wild ruminants and cause serious birth defects when infection in the first half of gestation. Surveys in Europe in 2011 and 2012 has proven Schmallenbergvirus approx. 4% bovine herd and about 7% of sheep farms.

                    FSA monitors the situation and follow up with further studies in 2013.



                    More: Norwegian Veterinary Institute
                    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                    Comment


                    • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                      France, update - 31 new holdings confirmed

                      In september France restarted SBV surveillance.

                      Until november 27 38 holdings were suspected, 31 holdings with malformed offspring were confirmed: sheep (24), goats (3), cattle (6).

                      These new confirmed farms are scattered all over France: map via this link.


                      SBV congénital : Situation épidémiologique

                      Traitement 1 du 27 novembre 2012

                      La reprise de la circulation virale est établie sur notre territoire depuis mai 2012 et on note
                      l’apparition de foyers de SBV congénital chez des ovins dans plusieurs départements depuis
                      début septembre 2012.

                      Depuis le 1er septembre 2012, ce sont au total 38 suspicions qui ont été enregistrées
                      (24 élevages ovins, 5 élevages caprins, et 9 élevages bovins).

                      31 élevages ont été confirmés atteints par des formes congénitales de SBV, répartis dans
                      17 départements : 03, 04, 08, 10, 18, 31, 34, 38, 42, 44, 65, 69, 74, 76, 81, 84 et 86.

                      Sont concernés : 22 élevages ovins, 3 élevages caprins et 6 élevages bovins.

                      survepi
                      “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                      Comment


                      • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                        On sept 11 FLI reported 1,801 positive holdings in Germany.


                        Germany: current information on Schmallenberg virus

                        last updated November 27, 2012

                        As of 21 May case numbers and map will be updated weekly.

                        In Germany animals from 1965 holdings have been tested positive for Schmallenberg virus so far.

                        The cases occurred in 1038 cattle holdings, 879 sheep holdings and 48 goat holdings.


                        Affected federal states are North Rhine-Westphalia (270 cattle, 273 sheep, 13 goat holdings), Lower Saxony (226 cattle, 143 sheep, 6 goat holdings), Hesse (123 cattle, 137 sheep holdings, 9 goat holdings), Schleswig-Holstein (111 cattle, 102 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Rhineland-Palatinate (1 Bison holding, 51 cattle, 43 sheep, 5 goat holdings), Baden-Wuerttemberg (41 cattle, 26 sheep, 6 goat holdings), Brandenburg (24 cattle, 21 sheep holdings), Thuringia (28 cattle, 31 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Saxony-Anhalt (19 cattle, 23 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Hamburg (2 cattle, 6 sheep holdings), Bavaria (120 cattle, 24 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saxony (10 cattle holdings, 36 sheep holdings), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (12 cattle, 10 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saarland (1 cattle holding, 4 sheep, 2 goat holdings) and Berlin (1 sheep holding).

                        FLI

                        link to map
                        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                        Comment


                        • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                          UK: AHVLA update Schmallenbergvirus

                          30 november 2012

                          The AHVLA update shows numbers by county, however it is a complex or confusing presentation of numbers. One has to make an interpretation to summarize them.
                          My interpretation is:

                          Looking at malformations and positive SBV test the numbers are:

                          Cattleholdings - 57
                          Sheepholdings - 224

                          Total - 281

                          Looking at positive serological testresults the numbers are:

                          Cattleholdings - 373
                          Sheepholdings - 38

                          Total - 411

                          Grand total : 692

                          However looking at the AHVLA document: this shows a grand total of 715 . This may be explained by holdings with both positive cattle and positive sheep.

                          Source: AHVLA
                          “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                          Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                          ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                          Comment


                          • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                            Ireland: Schmallenberg virus confirmed in 11 herds

                            - 01-12-2012

                            By Bryan Hynes

                            The Schmallenberg virus has now been confirmed in 11 herds by the Department of Agriculture.

                            In addition to these confirmed cases, blood samples taken from herds in Cork and Wexford have tested positive for virus' antibodies which means that the animals were bitten by an infected midge in recent months.


                            The virus was first confirmed on 30 October from a bovine foetus that was submitted for post mortem in east Cork. In general, the virus causes mild disease in adult cattle, whilst it is not seen to cause any clinical signs in adult sheep or goats. The clinical signs include fever, a drop in milk production and sometimes diarrhoea. When infection occurs in animals that are not pregnant, the impact is very limited. However, if ruminant animals are infected during the early stages of pregnancy, they may subsequently abort or give birth to malformed offspring.

                            Farmers Journal
                            “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                            Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                            ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                            Comment


                            • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                              Schmallenberg virus to return in 2013

                              Jonathan Riley


                              Friday 07 December 2012

                              The Schmallenberg virus is moving faster across the UK than bluetongue disease did in the outbreak of 2007, DEFRA chief vet Nigel Gibbens has warned.

                              Mr Gibbens told Farmers Weekly: "We could see a similar number of farms hit by Schmallenberg in 2013 as we did during lambing and calving this year."

                              Throughout the summer and autumn DEFRA and the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratory Agency have carried out surveillance for the disease, which causes deformations in newborn calves and lambs.

                              Cattle that were infected during the summer showed that the disease had overwintered and was still circulating.

                              "Surveillance has revealed that Schmallenberg is a fast-moving disease capable of infecting a lot of stock. It is using the midge vector more effectively than bluetongue 8," Mr Gibbens said.

                              "Surveillance has revealed that Schmallenberg is a fast-moving disease capable of infecting a lot of stock. It is using the midge vector more effectively than bluetongue 8."
                              DEFRA chief vet Nigel Gibbens
                              The disease has now reached almost every rural county in England and has spread quickly into Wales and Ireland.

                              The coming breeding season will see the effects of the disease showing up again at lambing, but there is some uncertainty on how severely and exactly where it will appear, he said.

                              "The south and east of England will be hit in areas which have not yet developed an immunity.

                              "But the main impact areas, as the virus moves up through the country in a wave-effect, are most likely to be the Midlands, Wales and Ireland," Mr Gibbens said.

                              More: Farmers Weekly
                              “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                              Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                              ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                              Comment


                              • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                                NSA urges industry to pull together to assess
                                Schmallenberg risk.

                                12th December 2012

                                Worrying reports from Europe about the effects of Schmallenberg disease in its second year has led the National Sheep Association (NSA) to look at ways for the UK to better equip itself to deal with the midge-borne virus.

                                Phil Stocker, NSA Chief Executive, says: “Anecdotal reports from France and other areas of Europe suggest Schmallenberg may be causing more problems in its second year than expected, possibly because livestock does not develop the level of immunity anticipated. The lack of statistical evidence means we cannot predict if we will have an on-going problem, but the industry as a whole should be very concerned by the absence of data we have and what has been seen in some early lambing flocks.”

                                AHVLA and other Government agencies are only collecting data on the distance the disease has spread and do not gather any additional information once the disease has been confirmed in a county. This means there is a concerning lack of data on the level and scale of the problem – a situation that is unlikely to change because of financial constraints created by the Government spending review. AHVLA would be forced to collect the data is Schmallenberg was a notifiable disease, but NSA believes this would not be in the interest of the industry, due to the implications it would have on trade between UK and other countries, both in the EU and further afield.

                                Mr Stocker says: “It would be great if the Government could collect this data, so we better understood the situation and how to implement control strategies, including vaccination programmes once a vaccine is available. However, given the reality of the situation, NSA feels very strongly that industry should pull together and ensure a solution is found.

                                “AHVLA has expressed a willingness to advise on what information to seek from farmers, and NSA believes it and other organisations should take up this offer and offer a reporting service for sheep, beef and dairy farmers in the hope of collecting enough data to create a clearer picture.”

                                NSA has had preliminary discussions with a number of organisations and hopes to move things forward in the coming weeks.

                                http://www.nationalsheep.org.uk/news...php?NewsID=112
                                "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                                -Nelson Mandela

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