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Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe - 2011/2012

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  • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

    computertranslation from Danish

    June 7, 2012

    Schmallenberg virus detected in Danish farm animals for the first time

    The National Veterinary Institute has found Schmallenberg virus in a stillborn calf with malformations in Funen. This is the first time that the virus is found in Danish livestock. Earlier, Denmark has demonstrated antibodies to the virus in cattle, and the virus is detected in midges.

    A malformed and stillborn calf from Fyn is the first Danish animal tested positive for Schmallenberg virus. The National Veterinary Institute, examined the calf on the new virus that was spreading in Europe in summer and autumn 2011.

    "There may be viewed abortion and especially the birth of deformed kids, lambs and calves from dams that have been infected with Schmallenberg virus during gestation. The mother of the positive calf, tested tested positive for antibodies to Schmallenberg and has probably been infected during gestation in the fall through the small gnats - midges and the virus is transferred to the calf, "says Bertel Strandbygaard, veterinarian at the National Veterinary Institute.

    The National Veterinary Institute in agreement with the Food & Drug Administration investigated stillbirths and weak born calves, lambs and kids with deformities of Schmallenberg virus in March, April and May. There were 56 animals studied, and a single calf is thus tested positive for the virus, using the PCR method.

    Original text in Danish - DUT

    See also: Antibodies against Schmallenberg virus detected in cattle in Denmark

    Location of Funen island:
    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

    Comment


    • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

      Germany: current information on Schmallenberg virus

      last updated June 5, 2012

      As of 21 May case numbers and map will be updated weekly.

      In Germany animals from 1664 holdings have been tested positive for Schmallenberg virus so far.

      The cases occurred in 761 cattle holdings, 856 sheep holdings and 47 goat holdings.


      Affected federal states are North Rhine-Westphalia (250 cattle, 270 sheep, 13 goat holdings), Lower Saxony (202 cattle, 144 sheep, 6 goat holdings), Hesse (78 cattle, 130 sheep holdings, 9 goat holdings), Schleswig-Holstein (87 cattle, 101 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Rhineland-Palatinate (1 Bison holding, 45 cattle, 42 sheep, 5 goat holdings), Baden-Wuerttemberg (7 cattle, 22 sheep, 5 goat holdings), Brandenburg (22 cattle, 21 sheep holdings), Thuringia (26 cattle, 30 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Saxony-Anhalt (15 cattle, 23 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Hamburg (2 cattle, 6 sheep holdings), Bavaria (13 cattle, 17 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saxony (5 cattle holding, 35 sheep holdings), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (8 cattle, 10 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saarland (4 sheep, 2 goat holdings) and Berlin (1 sheep holding).

      FLI

      Link to map - June 5
      “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

      Comment


      • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

        Update: more confirmed holdings in Luxembourg and Spain


        A recent and very interesting presentation regarding Schmallenbergvirus from EFSA showed among other things:

        - Number of confirmed holdings in Luxembourg : 17 (12)

        - Number of confirmed holdings in Spain : 5 (1)



        SBV could have spread to more countries.

        2013 could show SBV problems comparable to this year, however in previously not affected areas, especially in southern and eastern regions.


        Link to presentation


        .
        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

        Comment


        • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

          Belgium: Schmallenberg virus found in 574 holdings


          Situation on june 8, 2012


          Number of suspected premises : 1,355

          Number of confirmed premises : 574

          Cattle holdings: 405

          Sheep holdings: 167

          Goat holdings: 2



          3 of the cattle holdings were confirmed from 23 samples taken last autumn

          Map of Sheepholdings en Goatholdings


          Map of Cattleholdings


          Source: CODA-CERVA
          “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
          Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

          ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

          Comment


          • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

            computertranslation from Danish

            Antibodies against Schmallenberg virus was detected in four cows in South Jutland

            Four cows from Southern Jutland, which has given birth to deformed calves found positive for antibodies to Schmallenberg virus by National Veterinary Institute. Thus, the number of antibody positive animals in southern Jutland up to six cattle.

            National Veterinary Institute has found antibodies against Schmallenberg virus in another four cows from South Jutland.

            "Blood samples from the cows have been taken in connection with the spring-born malformed calves. Also calves from three of the four cows have been investigated but have not identified any virus in any of them," says Anette Bøtner, the Head and veterinarian at the National Veterinary Institute.

            In May, two other cattle from NSW as the first in Denmark tested positive for antibodies when they were tested in relation to exports.

            Subsequently, a malformed and stillborn calf from Fyn found positive for the virus Schmallenberg and the dam was found positive for antibodies.

            A total of 61 stillborn and weak born calves, lambs and kids with birth defects have been studied for itself Schmallenberg virus, of which only the calf from Fyn is found positive.

            National Veterinary Institute has so far examined samples from a total of 95 animals for antibodies, seven were found positive.

            source : DUT
            “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
            Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

            ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

            Comment


            • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

              Belgium: Schmallenberg virus found in 577 holdings


              Situation on july 12, 2012


              Number of suspected premises : 1,420

              Number of confirmed premises : 577

              Cattle holdings: 408

              Sheep holdings: 167

              Goat holdings: 2



              3 of the cattle holdings were confirmed from 23 samples taken last autumn

              Map of Sheepholdings en Goatholdings


              Map of Cattleholdings


              Source: CODA-CERVA
              “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
              Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

              ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

              Comment


              • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                Germany: current Information on Schmallenberg virus

                last updated July 10, 2012

                As of 21 May case numbers and map will be updated weekly.

                In Germany animals from 1776 holdings have been tested positive for Schmallenberg virus so far.

                The cases occurred in 862 cattle holdings, 866 sheep holdings and 48 goat holdings.


                Affected federal states are North Rhine-Westphalia (259 cattle, 271 sheep, 13 goat holdings), Lower Saxony (226 cattle, 144 sheep, 6 goat holdings), Hesse (117 cattle, 136 sheep holdings, 9 goat holdings), Schleswig-Holstein (93 cattle, 101 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Rhineland-Palatinate (1 Bison holding, 54 cattle, 43 sheep, 5 goat holdings), Baden-Wuerttemberg (11 cattle, 24 sheep, 6 goat holdings), Brandenburg (23 cattle, 21 sheep holdings), Thuringia (28 cattle, 30 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Saxony-Anhalt (16 cattle, 23 sheep, 2 goat holdings), Hamburg (2 cattle, 6 sheep holdings), Bavaria (16 cattle, 17 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saxony (8 cattle holding, 35 sheep holdings), Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (8 cattle, 10 sheep holdings, 1 goat holding), Saarland (4 sheep, 2 goat holdings) and Berlin (1 sheep holding).

                FLI

                Link to map
                “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                Comment


                • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                  9 July – Schmallenberg virus: further update on GB testing results

                  There are 275 UK farms reporting SBV: 53 in cattle, 219 in sheep and 3 premises which reported sheep (earlier in the year) and are now also reporting cattle cases.

                  All farms are within the recognised risk counties in England.

                  AHVLA


                  FluTrackers.com
                  “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                  Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                  ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                  Comment


                  • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                    This will be the last update for the moment: no more suspected premises.

                    Netherlands: Schmallenberg virus confirmed in 350 farms

                    Update July 10, 2012

                    Number of suspected premises : 1,689

                    Number of confirmed premises : 350


                    Cattle holdings: 237


                    Testing of cattle-samples from last year revealed positive results of at least 70% . It is not know yet how what % of positive cows had dead and/or malformed calves.

                    Sheep holdings : 107

                    Preliminary testresults indicate sheep in affected areas probably are positive for 70% or more.

                    Goat holdings : 6


                    Link to MAP

                    nVWA

                    .
                    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                    Comment


                    • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                      link to map


                      France: Schmalllenberg virus confirmed in 2,476 farms

                      29 May, 2012

                      According to the French Ministry of Agriculture, the Schmallenberg virus was found in 1,829 farms: 1,128 sheepholdings, 1331 cattle -, 17 goatholdings and 2 mixed holdings with goats/sheep.

                      60 departments are affected.


                      [QUOTE]
                      Présence du virus de Schmallenberg en France


                      3 juillet 2012

                      La présence du virus de Schmallenberg vient d’être confirmée dans 235 nouvelles exploitations (depuis la dernière mise à jour du 15 juin).

                      Au total ce sont 2476 élevages qui sont donc touchés dans 60 départements (01, 02, 03, 07, 08, 10, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 27, 28, 33, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 45, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 76, 77, 79, 80, 86, 87, 88, 89, 95).

                      Il s’agit de 1128 élevages ovins, 1331 élevages bovins et 17 élevages caprins .



                      http://www.survepi.org/cerepi/images...s/20120529dgal
                      “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                      Comment


                      • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                        link to map


                        France: Schmalllenberg virus confirmed in 2,650 farms

                        20 july, 2012

                        According to the French Ministry of Agriculture, the Schmallenberg virus was found in 2,650 farms: 1,128 sheepholdings, 1505 cattle -, 17 goatholdings.

                        65 departments are affected.


                        17 juillet 2012

                        La présence du virus de Schmallenberg vient d’être confirmée dans 174 nouvelles exploitations (depuis la dernière mise à jour du 03 juillet).

                        Au total ce sont 2650 élevages qui sont donc touchés dans 65 départements (01, 02, 03, 07, 08, 10, 12, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 27, 28, 33, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 45, 47, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 76, 77, 79, 80, 82, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 95).

                        Il s’agit de 1128 élevages ovins, 1505 élevages bovins et 17 élevages caprins .

                        http://agriculture.gouv.fr/maladies-animales,11003
                        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                        Comment


                        • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                          Schmallenberg virus found in Switzerland

                          In 2 farms near Bern the Schmallenberg virus has been found in cattle.


                          Neues Rinder-Virus erreicht die Schweiz

                          Aktualisiert am 20.07.2012

                          Auf zwei Bauernhöfen wurde bei Kühen das Schmallenberg-Virus festgestellt. Der Erreger führt bei Rindern, Schafen und Ziegen zu Missbildungen. Der Bund rechnet mit einer Zunahme der Infizierungen.

                          More: Basler Zeitung
                          Le virus de Schmallenberg diagnostiqué chez des vaches

                          Mis à jour le 20.07.2012

                          Le virus de Schmallenberg, qui frappe bovins, ovins et caprins, a fait son apparition en Suisse.

                          24heures
                          “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                          Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                          ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                          Comment


                          • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                            Schmallenberg virus circulating in Britain again

                            24 July 2012 | By Alistair Driver

                            SCHMALLENBERG Virus (SBV) has survived the winter and is already circulating among livestock again in Britain, Defra has announced.

                            The virus has been identified on around five farms in new-born lambs born in May and June. This means the ewes that carried them must have been infected in the early part of this year, January or February, after the peak winter period when the midges that carry them are no longer circulating, according to Defra Deputy Chief veterinary Officer Alick Simmons.

                            He told Farmers Guardian the discovery that the virus had survived the winter was no surprise, given what was already known about it and related viruses.

                            Mr Simmons announce and that Defra is set to embark on a nationwide surveillance programme to establish how far the virus has spread and urged farmers to be vigilant in looking for signs in infected cattle that could show flu-like symptoms and in any lambs born out of season at this time of year.

                            He said it was impossible to gauge the effect the virus would have on the livestock industry this year, partly because the virus’ worst effects are seen in newborn lambs and calves, rather than the adult animals that are infected by midges.

                            He said the virus was likely to spread northwards and westwards from southern and eastern England where the bulk of infection was identified last year. However, initially at least, the implications for infected livestock will not be too severe as very few sheep are currently in lamb and a tiny proportion of cattle infected go on to have problems with their calves.

                            What is more, as the virus spreads animals that are infected are likely to gain immunity from future infection based, again, on what is known about SBV and related diseases, Mr Simmons. He added that the history of the disease in mainland Europe, particularly France, showed that SBV can spread rapidly, far more quickly than bluetongue, for example.

                            “In some ways it is better for farmers if the disease spreads quickly in Britain as more of the country will have been covered, with the benefit of immunity, before the autumn breeding season,” he said.

                            The problems are most likely to come when infection reaches counties to the north and west of the current centre of infection in the autumn when many ewes and cows are in the early stages of pregnancy, the critical period when infection results in stillborn and deformed offspring.

                            “We cannot say at this stage which areas will be particularly at risk,” he said.

                            Farmers Guardian
                            “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
                            Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

                            ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

                            Comment


                            • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                              7 August 2012 Last updated at 10:35 ET

                              Schmallenberg virus 'may spread across UK'

                              By Richard Black
                              Environment correspondent, BBC News

                              Schmallenberg virus is present in the UK this summer and could spread throughout the country, scientists say.

                              Staff from the Royal Veterinary College (RVC) and Institute for Animal Health (IAH) found the virus in animals on the RVC's farm in Hertfordshire in June.

                              The scientists say this proves the midge-borne virus survived the winter, and will spread as midge numbers rise.

                              Schmallenberg causes severe deformities in lambs and calves born to infected mothers, but adults recover quickly.

                              It poses no threat to human health.

                              Since its first detection in the UK in January, cases have been documented on 276 farms, mostly in the south and east of England, Chief Veterinary Officer Nigel Gibbens told reporters at a briefing in London.

                              However, many infections are missed because the symptoms in cows are mild, while infected sheep often show no signs at all.

                              More...
                              http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-19151949
                              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                              -Nelson Mandela

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                              • Re: Schmallenberg virus : new Akabane-like virus in cattle, sheep and goats in Europe

                                [Source: The Independent, full text: (LINK).]
                                Schmallenberg virus re-emerges and could spread throughout British livestock over the next few weeks



                                ‎7 August ‎2012

                                Schmallenberg virus, a new livestock disease discovered last year which causes birth deformities in sheep and cattle, has re-emerged this summer and could spread all across Britain in the weeks to come, scientists warned today.
                                - ------

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