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Dominican Republic - 4 new outbreaks of Newcastle disease in backyard birds and farms (OIE, December 19, 2019)

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  • Dominican Republic - 4 new outbreaks of Newcastle disease in backyard birds and farms (OIE, December 19, 2019)

    Newcastle disease,
    Dominican Republic
    Information received on 19/12/2019 from Dra Nimia Lissette G?mez Rodr?guez, Directora, Direcci?n de Sanidad Animal Direcci?n General de Ganader?a (DIGEGA), Ministerio de Agricultura, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 17/09/2019
    Date of confirmation of the event 11/11/2019
    Report date 19/12/2019
    Date submitted to OIE 19/12/2019
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 19/08/2008
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Paramyxovirus type 1 (PMV-1)
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to the whole country
    New outbreaks (4)
    Outbreak 1 (3477-19) Peravia, Paya, Bani, Peravia
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/09/2019
    Outbreak status Resolved (11/11/2019)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 13191 13191 6809 6382 0
    Affected population Broilers
    Outbreak 2 (091-20) San Cristobal, El Ingenio, San Cristobal, San Cristobal
    Date of start of the outbreak 15/10/2019
    Outbreak status Resolved (11/11/2019)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 17000 10936 10936 0 6064
    Affected population Broilers
    Outbreak 3 (088-20) Santiago, Villa Gonzalez, Santiago
    Date of start of the outbreak 24/10/2019
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 250 150 150
    Affected population Fighting birds
    Outbreak 4 (0123-20) Peravia, Ca?a Fistol, Bani, Peravia
    Date of start of the outbreak 31/10/2019
    Outbreak status Resolved (11/11/2019)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 149966 144900 45455 104511 0
    Affected population Broilers
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 180407 169177 63350 110893 6064
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds 93.78% 35.12% 37.45% **
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    • Introduction of new live animals
    • Legal movement of animals
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Quarantine
    • Stamping out
    • Disinfection
    • Slaughter
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time PCR 03/12/2019 Positive
    Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds virus isolation 11/11/2019 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...

    https://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/w...reportid=32565
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela
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