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Chicken-killing Newcastle disease prompts widespread quarantines in Southern California

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  • Chicken-killing Newcastle disease prompts widespread quarantines in Southern California

    Source: https://www.pe.com/2019/02/27/chicke...rn-california/

    Chicken-killing Newcastle disease prompts widespread quarantines in Southern California
    About a million birds have died so far.

    By Martin Wisckol | mwisckol@scng.com | Orange County Register
    PUBLISHED: February 27, 2019 at 3:29 pm | UPDATED: February 27, 2019 at 3:34 pm

    With virulent Newcastle disease killing a growing number of Southern California chickens, state Veterinarian Annette Jones announced Wednesday a poultry quarantine for all of Los Angeles County and large portions of San Bernardino and Riverside counties.

    The highly contagious respiratory virus is nearly always fatal for all poultry and has most affected chickens in the current outbreak. Though the number of infections went down for several months after the disease was identified, in May, the number of cases has increased since November.

    In addition to the latest quarantines, communities in the three counties continue to have mandatory euthanasia decrees for all poultry. With past and currently planned euthanasia orders, the disease will have led to the death of 1 million birds. The numbers of birds euthanized has doubled since Jan. 25.

    “There are no human health concerns provided that any meat or eggs are cooked properly,” according to Wednesday’s announcement by the state Department of Food and Agriculture...

  • #2
    Newcastle disease,
    United States of America
    Information received on 27/02/2019 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
    Summary
    Report type Follow-up report No. 4
    Date of start of the event 19/09/2018
    Date of confirmation of the event 25/09/2018
    Report date 27/02/2019
    Date submitted to OIE 27/02/2019
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 16/09/2003
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Newcastle disease virus
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    Related reports Immediate notification (26/09/2018)
    Follow-up report No. 1 (16/12/2018)
    Follow-up report No. 2 (08/01/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 3 (05/02/2019)
    Follow-up report No. 4 (27/02/2019)
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 (San Bernadino 390) San Bernadino County, San Bernadino , California
    Date of start of the outbreak 14/02/2019
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 72000 0 72000 0
    Affected population Backyard non-commercial chicken layer flock
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Birds 72000 ** 0 72000 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Birds ** 0.00% ** 100.00%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Epidemiological comments February 27, 2019 update: • Enhanced surveillance detected virulent Newcastle disease virus (vNDV) in one non-commercial backyard chicken laying farm with a slight decrease in egg production. • All birds at this non-commercial backyard chicken laying farm were depopulated and the premises is being cleaned and disinfected. • The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of these events.
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Quarantine
    • Stamping out
    • Zoning
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • Disinfection
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory - Davis (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 15/02/2019 Positive
    National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 16/02/2019 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=29559
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      Newcastle disease,
      United States of America
      Information received on 08/03/2019 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
      Summary
      Report type Follow-up report No. 5
      Date of start of the event 19/09/2018
      Date of confirmation of the event 25/09/2018
      Report date 08/03/2019
      Date submitted to OIE 08/03/2019
      Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
      Date of previous occurrence 16/09/2003
      Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      Causal agent Newcastle disease virus
      Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
      This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
      Related reports Immediate notification (26/09/2018)
      Follow-up report No. 1 (16/12/2018)
      Follow-up report No. 2 (08/01/2019)
      Follow-up report No. 3 (05/02/2019)
      Follow-up report No. 4 (27/02/2019)
      Follow-up report No. 5 (08/03/2019)
      New outbreaks (2)
      Outbreak 1 (San Bernadino 403) San Bernadino County, San Bernadino, California
      Date of start of the outbreak 01/03/2019
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Backyard
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 70000 0
      Affected population Backyard non-commercial chicken layer flock
      Outbreak 2 (San Bernadino 402) San Bernadino County, San Bernadino, California
      Date of start of the outbreak 01/03/2019
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Backyard
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 28000 0
      Affected population Backyard non-commercial chicken layer flock
      Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
      Total animals affected
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 98000 ** 0
      Outbreak statistics
      Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
      Birds ** ** ** **
      *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
      **Not calculated because of missing information
      Epidemiology
      Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
      Epidemiological comments March 8, 2019 update: • Enhanced surveillance detected virulent Newcastle disease virus (vNDV) in two non-commercial backyard chicken laying farms. • All birds at these premises will be depopulated. • The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of these events.
      Control measures
      Measures applied
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Quarantine
      • Stamping out
      • Zoning
      • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
      • No treatment of affected animals
      Measures to be applied
      • Disinfection
      Diagnostic test results
      Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
      California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory - Davis (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 01/03/2019 Positive
      National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 02/03/2019 Positive
      Future Reporting
      The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
      ...
      http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=29789
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment


      • #4
        Source: https://www.mercurynews.com/2019/03/...s-to-bay-area/


        Deadly chicken disease spreads to Bay Area, flocks at risk
        First-ever case of Virulent Newcastle Disease in Northern California leads to cancellation of events

        REDWOOD CITY — The live poultry show has been canceled at this spring’s San Mateo County Fair. A major Peninsula veterinary hospital is postponing all chicken appointments. And worried Bay Area backyard bird hobbyists are taking special steps to protect their flocks.

        News that a highly contagious and deadly bird virus was detected at a veterinary clinic in Redwood City on Thursday has alarmed the Bay Area’s poultry community, indicating that the dreaded Virulent Newcastle Disease has moved north from Southern California.

        The disease, first reported on May 17 in Riverside County, has led to the euthanasia of nearly 500,000 backyard and commercial birds in Southern California...

        Comment


        • #5
          Newcastle disease,
          United States of America
          Information received on 15/03/2019 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
          Summary
          Report type Follow-up report No. 6
          Date of start of the event 19/09/2018
          Date of confirmation of the event 25/09/2018
          Report date 15/03/2019
          Date submitted to OIE 15/03/2019
          Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
          Date of previous occurrence 16/09/2003
          Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
          Causal agent Newcastle disease virus
          Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
          This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
          Related reports Immediate notification (26/09/2018)
          Follow-up report No. 1 (16/12/2018)
          Follow-up report No. 2 (08/01/2019)
          Follow-up report No. 3 (05/02/2019)
          Follow-up report No. 4 (27/02/2019)
          Follow-up report No. 5 (08/03/2019)
          Follow-up report No. 6 (15/03/2019)
          New outbreaks (1)
          Outbreak 1 (San Bernardino 418) San Bernardino County, San Bernardino, California
          Date of start of the outbreak 13/03/2019
          Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
          Epidemiological unit Farm
          Affected animals
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 38000 0
          Affected population Backyard non-commercial chicken layer flock
          Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
          Total animals affected
          Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
          Birds 38000 ** 0
          Outbreak statistics
          Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
          Birds ** ** ** **
          *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
          **Not calculated because of missing information
          Epidemiology
          Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
          • Unknown or inconclusive
          Epidemiological comments March 15, 2019 update: • Enhanced surveillance detected virulent Newcastle disease virus (vNDV) in a non-commercial backyard chicken laying farm. • All birds at these premises will be depopulated. • The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of these events.
          Control measures
          Measures applied
          • Movement control inside the country
          • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
          • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
          • Quarantine
          • Zoning
          • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
          • No treatment of affected animals
          Measures to be applied
          • Stamping out
          • Disinfection
          Diagnostic test results
          Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
          California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory - Davis (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 13/03/2019 Positive
          National Veterinary Services Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds nucleotide sequencing 14/03/2019 Positive
          National Veterinary Services Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 14/03/2019 Positive
          Future Reporting
          The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
          ...
          http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=29867
          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela

          Comment


          • #6
            Newcastle disease,
            United States of America
            Information received on 22/03/2019 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
            Summary
            Report type Follow-up report No. 7
            Date of start of the event 19/09/2018
            Date of confirmation of the event 25/09/2018
            Report date 22/03/2019
            Date submitted to OIE 22/03/2019
            Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
            Date of previous occurrence 16/09/2003
            Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
            Causal agent Newcastle disease virus
            Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
            This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
            Related reports Immediate notification (26/09/2018)
            Follow-up report No. 1 (16/12/2018)
            Follow-up report No. 2 (08/01/2019)
            Follow-up report No. 3 (05/02/2019)
            Follow-up report No. 4 (27/02/2019)
            Follow-up report No. 5 (08/03/2019)
            Follow-up report No. 6 (15/03/2019)
            Follow-up report No. 7 (22/03/2019)
            New outbreaks (1)
            Outbreak 1 (Riverside 719) Riverside County, Riverside, California
            Date of start of the outbreak 20/03/2019
            Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
            Epidemiological unit Farm
            Affected animals
            Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
            Birds 37500 0
            Affected population Backyard non-commercial chicken layer flock
            Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
            Total animals affected
            Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
            Birds 37500 ** 0
            Outbreak statistics
            Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
            Birds ** ** ** **
            *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
            **Not calculated because of missing information
            Epidemiology
            Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
            • Unknown or inconclusive
            Epidemiological comments March 22, 2019 update: • Enhanced surveillance detected virulent Newcastle disease virus (vNDV) in a non-commercial backyard chicken laying farm. • All birds at these premises will be depopulated. • The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of these events.
            Control measures
            Measures applied
            • Movement control inside the country
            • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
            • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
            • Quarantine
            • Zoning
            • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
            • No treatment of affected animals
            Measures to be applied
            • Stamping out
            • Disinfection
            Diagnostic test results
            Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
            California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory - Davis (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 20/03/2019 Positive
            National Veterinary Services Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds nucleotide sequencing 20/03/2019 Positive
            National Veterinary Services Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 20/03/2019 Positive
            Future Reporting
            The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
            ...
            http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=29939
            "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
            -Nelson Mandela

            Comment


            • #7
              Newcastle disease,
              United States of America
              Information received on 17/05/2019 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
              Summary
              Report type Follow-up report No. 8
              Date of start of the event 19/09/2018
              Date of confirmation of the event 25/09/2018
              Report date 17/05/2019
              Date submitted to OIE 17/05/2019
              Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
              Date of previous occurrence 16/09/2003
              Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
              Causal agent Newcastle disease virus
              Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
              This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
              Related reports Immediate notification (26/09/2018)
              Follow-up report No. 1 (16/12/2018)
              Follow-up report No. 2 (08/01/2019)
              Follow-up report No. 3 (05/02/2019)
              Follow-up report No. 4 (27/02/2019)
              Follow-up report No. 5 (08/03/2019)
              Follow-up report No. 6 (15/03/2019)
              Follow-up report No. 7 (22/03/2019)
              Follow-up report No. 8 (17/05/2019)
              New outbreaks (1)
              Outbreak 1 (Riversdie 677) Riverside County, Riverside, California
              Date of start of the outbreak 14/03/2019
              Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
              Epidemiological unit Other
              Affected animals
              Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
              Birds 493 493 0
              Affected population Chickens at live bird sales.
              Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
              Total animals affected
              Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
              Birds 493 ** 493 0
              Outbreak statistics
              Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
              Birds ** ** ** **
              *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
              **Not calculated because of missing information
              Epidemiology
              Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
              • Unknown or inconclusive
              Epidemiological comments The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) continue to conduct epidemiological investigations of these events. Enhanced surveillance and testing is ongoing.
              Control measures
              Measures applied
              • Movement control inside the country
              • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
              • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
              • Quarantine
              • Zoning
              • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
              • No treatment of affected animals
              Measures to be applied
              • Stamping out
              • Disinfection
              Diagnostic test results
              Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
              California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory - Davis (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 14/03/2019 Positive
              National Veterinary Services Laboratory (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 10/05/2019 Positive
              Future Reporting
              The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
              ...
              http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=30509
              "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
              -Nelson Mandela

              Comment


              • #8
                Newcastle disease,
                United States of America
                Information received on 15/08/2019 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
                Summary
                Report type Follow-up report No. 9
                Date of start of the event 19/09/2018
                Date of confirmation of the event 25/09/2018
                Report date 15/08/2019
                Date submitted to OIE 15/08/2019
                Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
                Date of previous occurrence 16/09/2003
                Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
                Causal agent Newcastle disease virus
                Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
                This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
                Related reports Immediate notification (26/09/2018)
                Follow-up report No. 1 (16/12/2018)
                Follow-up report No. 2 (08/01/2019)
                Follow-up report No. 3 (05/02/2019)
                Follow-up report No. 4 (27/02/2019)
                Follow-up report No. 5 (08/03/2019)
                Follow-up report No. 6 (15/03/2019)
                Follow-up report No. 7 (22/03/2019)
                Follow-up report No. 8 (17/05/2019)
                Follow-up report No. 9 (15/08/2019)
                New outbreaks (1)
                Outbreak 1 ( San Bernardino 586) San Bernardino County, San Bernardino, California
                Date of start of the outbreak 09/08/2019
                Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
                Epidemiological unit Other
                Affected animals
                Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
                Birds 128 0 128 0
                Affected population Chickens at a retail feed store
                Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
                Total animals affected
                Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
                Birds 128 ** 0 128 0
                Outbreak statistics
                Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
                Birds ** 0.00% ** 100.00%
                *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
                **Not calculated because of missing information
                Epidemiology
                Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
                • Unknown or inconclusive
                Epidemiological comments The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) continue to conduct epidemiological investigations of these outbreaks. Enhanced surveillance and testing is ongoing.
                Control measures
                Measures applied
                • Movement control inside the country
                • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
                • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
                • Quarantine
                • Stamping out
                • Zoning
                • Disinfection
                • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
                • No treatment of affected animals
                Measures to be applied
                • No other measures
                Diagnostic test results
                Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
                California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory - Davis (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 12/08/2019 Positive
                National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Birds nucleotide sequencing 14/08/2019 Positive
                National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 14/08/2019 Positive
                Future Reporting
                The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
                ...
                https://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/w...reportid=31420
                "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
                -Nelson Mandela

                Comment

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