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CA: 2018-19 Newscastle Disease in poultry

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  • CA: 2018-19 Newscastle Disease in poultry

    Source: http://www.championnewspapers.com/ne...8818f1f68.html

    Newcastle Disease outbreak hits north Chino
    Posted: Saturday, October 6, 2018 8:00 am

    By Brenda Dunkle | 0 comments

    Throwing out grain to some of her more than 100 geese, ducks, and chickens, Connie Schofield said ?Everyone deserves a last meal, right??

    For more than a week, Ms. Schofield who lives on a large property in the unincorporated area of north Chino, has been weeping, barely eating, hardly sleeping, and visiting with her birds, whom she calls ?her babies.?

    Ms. Schofield received notice Sept. 26 that all her birds would be euthanized two days later because of an outbreak of virulent Newcastle Disease in the area. She was stunned because recent county tests had found them negative for the disease. The appointment was later cancelled and as of this Friday morning, the birds had not been euthanized.

    A peacock and 10 chickens at neighbor Helen Rivera?s home were euthanized Sept. 28, leaving the woman in tears.

    Ms. Schofield and Ms. Rivera are among thousands of residents in the Chino, Ontario, Montclair, and Pomona area affected by a new outbreak of Newcastle Disease, that is also hitting other areas in San Bernardino, Riverside and Los Angeles counties, according to officials from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA). There was also an isolated outbreak in Ventura County when a flock was moved from Compton to that county.

  • #2
    Source: https://www.sbsun.com/2018/11/16/540...rn-california/

    54,000 chickens euthanized after Newcastle disease outbreak in Southern California
    By Martin Wisckol Orange County Register
    PUBLISHED: November 16, 2018 at 1:39 pm | UPDATED: November 16, 2018 at 3:08 pm

    An outbreak of the bird-killing Newcastle disease has resulted in nearly 54,000 birds ? mostly chickens ? being euthanized in the greater Los Angeles area, with mandatory euthanasia operations ongoing in three areas.

    Efforts continue in neighborhoods in Compton in Los Angeles County, Muscoy in San Bernardino County and in the Mira Loma area of Jurupa Valley in Riverside County. The disease, first identified by officials in mid-May, has been eradicated from eight other areas in those three counties as well as Ventura County...

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    • #3
      Newcastle disease,
      United States of America
      Information received on 05/02/2019 from Dr Jack Shere, Deputy Administrator Chief Veterinary Office r, USDA-APHISVeterinary Services, USA United States Department of Agriculture, WASHINGTON, United States of America
      Summary
      Report type Follow-up report No. 3
      Date of start of the event 19/09/2018
      Date of confirmation of the event 25/09/2018
      Report date 05/02/2019
      Date submitted to OIE 05/02/2019
      Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
      Date of previous occurrence 16/09/2003
      Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      Causal agent Newcastle disease virus
      Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced)
      This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
      Related reports Immediate notification (26/09/2018)
      Follow-up report No. 1 (16/12/2018)
      Follow-up report No. 2 (08/01/2019)
      Follow-up report No. 3 (05/02/2019)
      New outbreaks (4)
      Outbreak 1 ( Riverside 372) Riverside County, Riverside, California
      Date of start of the outbreak 08/01/2019
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Farm
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 172187 172187
      Affected population Commercial chicken layer flock
      Outbreak 2 (Riversdie 431) Riverside County, Riverside, California
      Date of start of the outbreak 20/01/2019
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Other
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 30 30
      Affected population Chickens at a retail feed store
      Outbreak 3 (Riverside 378) San Bernadino County, San Bernadino, California
      Date of start of the outbreak 22/01/2019
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Backyard
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 45000 45000
      Affected population Backyard non-commercial chicken layer flock
      Outbreak 4 (Riverside 455) Riverside County, Riverside, California
      Date of start of the outbreak 30/01/2019
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Farm
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 420000
      Affected population Commercial chicken layer flock
      Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 4
      Total animals affected
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Birds 637217 ** 217217
      Outbreak statistics
      Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
      Birds ** ** ** **
      *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
      **Not calculated because of missing information
      Epidemiology
      Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
      Epidemiological comments February 5, 2019 update: ? Enhanced surveillance detected virulent Newcastle disease virus (vNDV) in birds sold by a retail feed store, two commercial chicken laying farms, and one non-commercial backyard chicken laying farm. The birds sold by the feed store showed increased mortality, and the birds at the commercial laying farm with 420,000 birds showed a decrease in egg production. ? All birds at the retail feed store, the commercial laying farm and the backyard non-commercial laying farm have been depopulated and all premises have been cleaned and disinfected. The birds at the commercial laying farm from the most recent detection will be depopulated. ? The California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) and the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS) are conducting an epidemiological investigation of these events.
      Control measures
      Measures applied
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Quarantine
      • Zoning
      • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
      • No treatment of affected animals
      Measures to be applied
      • Stamping out
      • Disinfection
      Diagnostic test results
      Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
      California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory - Davis (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 08/01/2019 Positive
      California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory - Davis (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 22/01/2019 Positive
      California Animal Health & Food Safety Laboratory - Davis (Local laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 25/01/2019 Positive
      National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 09/01/2019 Positive
      National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 24/01/2019 Positive
      National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 25/01/2019 Positive
      National Veterinary Services Laboratories (National laboratory) Birds real-time reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR) 01/02/2019 Positive
      Future Reporting
      The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
      ...
      http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=29374
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

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