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Equine influenza, Turkey (OIE, August 5 2013): 1st Occurrence

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  • Equine influenza, Turkey (OIE, August 5 2013): 1st Occurrence

    [Source: OIE, full page: (LINK). Edited.]


    Equine influenza, Turkey


    Information received on 05/08/2013 from Dr Pakdil Nihat, Deputy Undersecretary, Tarim ve Koyisleri Bakanhg Kampusu , Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs , Ankara, Turkey
    • Summary
      • Report type Immediate notification
      • Date of start of the event 11/07/2013
      • Date of pre-confirmation of the event 19/07/2013
      • Report date 05/08/2013
      • Date submitted to OIE 05/08/2013
      • Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
      • Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      • Causal agent Equine influenza virus
      • Serotype Not typed
      • Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
      • This event pertains to the whole country
    • New outbreaks (1)
      • Outbreak 1 - Jockey Club training and race center, ANKARA
        • Date of start of the outbreak 11/07/2013
        • Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
        • Epidemiological unit Not applicable
        • Affected animals: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
          • Equidae - 10 – 7 – 0 – 0 – 0
          • Affected population:
            • Some vaccinated thoroughbred horses which were suffering from pyrexia, mild coughing and mucoid nasal discharge were sent to the Hospital of the Jockey Club training and race center of Ankara.
            • They were from different stables in the area, but immediately isolated in the quarantine stable.
            • All horse movements into and out of the training center were prohibited.
    • Summary of outbreaks
      • Total outbreaks: 1
        • Total animals affected: Species – Susceptible – Cases – Deaths – Destroyed – Slaughtered
          • Equidae – 10 – 7 – 0 – 0 – 0
      • Outbreak statistics: Species – Apparent morbidity rate - Apparent mortality rate - Apparent case fatality rate - Proportion susceptible animals lost*
        • Equidae - 70.00% - 0.00% - 0.00% - 0.00%
        • *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    • Epidemiology
      • Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
        • Unknown or inconclusive
    • Epidemiological comments
      • Veterinarians in the equine hospital think that the vaccine may be ineffective because horses are kept going with very heavy exercises after vaccination.
      • Note by the OIE Animal Health Information Department:
        • Turkey has not provided any information to the OIE on equine influenza since at least 1996.
        • Since this is the first time that equine influenza is identified in the history of the country, the reason for notification as first occurrence applies to the country but the event is in fact circumscribed to a zone.
    • Control measures
      • Measures applied
        • Quarantine
        • Screening
        • Disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s)
        • No vaccination
        • Treatment of affected animals (antibiotics and antipyretics)
      • Measures to be applied
        • No other measures
    • Diagnostic test results
      • Laboratory name and type – Species – Test - Test date – Result
        • Irish Equine Center (OIE’s Reference Laboratory) – Equidae - reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) - 19/07/2013 – Positive
    • Future Reporting
      • The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
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