Foot and mouth disease,
Zimbabwe
Information received on 20/08/2018 from Dr Unesu Hildah Ushewokunze-Obatolu, Principal Director, , Department of Livestock and Veterinary Services, Harare, Zimbabwe
Summary
Report type Follow-up report No. 2
Date of start of the event 28/06/2018
Date of confirmation of the event 28/06/2018
Report date 17/08/2018
Date submitted to OIE 20/08/2018
Reason for notification First occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
Causal agent Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype SAT 2
Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
Related reports Immediate notification (28/06/2018)
Follow-up report No. 1 (27/07/2018)
Follow-up report No. 2 (17/08/2018)
New outbreaks (14)
Outbreak 1 Tsakare, Mt Darwin, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 13/07/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1429 41 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 2 Mutungagore, Mt. Darwin, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 13/07/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1058 71 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 3 Kaziro, Shamva, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 16/07/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1970 17 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 4 Mupfure, Shamva, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 19/07/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 889 8 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 5 Charlton, Sable Heights, Centenary, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 03/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1518 6 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 6 Dunbartom, Sable Heights, Centenary, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 07/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 50 12 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 7 Chiimbira, Madziwa, Shamva, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 07/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1413 16 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 8 Bopoma, Nyaukurungo, Rushinga, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 08/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1914 86 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 9 Chimhanda, Rutuku, Rushinga, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 08/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1100 46 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 10 Azikara, Bindura, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 10/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1132 10 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 11 Chidabwe, Madziwa, Shamva, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 10/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 2341 22 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 12 Fort Misery, Chomaturi, Mt Darwin, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 11/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1702 11 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 13 Sherwood, Lawley Grant, Mt Darwin, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 11/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Farm
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 565 17 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Outbreak 14 Dundwe, Chaona, Centenary, Mashonaland Central
Date of start of the outbreak 12/08/2018
Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit Village
Affected animals
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 1453 18 0 0 0
Affected population Cattle of varying age groups sharing grazing and watering points.
Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 14
Total animals affected
Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
Cattle 18534 381 0 0 0
Outbreak statistics
Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle 2.06% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
  • Illegal movement of animals
  • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
  • SAT 2 and SAT 3
Epidemiological comments Intensive surveillance and implementation of control measures remain in force in the North-East of the country following the Rushinga FMD outbreak reported in the last week of June 2018. FMD virus continues to spread along the border with Mozambique and further inwards. Further laboratory investigations are ongoing to determine the potential co-infection with SAT3.
Control measures
Measures applied
  • Movement control inside the country
  • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Administrative division Species Total Vaccinated Details
    Mashonaland Central Cattle 38000
  • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
  • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
  • Quarantine
  • Official destruction of animal products
  • Zoning
  • Ante and post-mortem inspections
  • No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied
  • No other measures
Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
Cemtral Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) 30/06/2018 Positive
Central Veterinary Laboratory (National laboratory) Cattle liquid-phase blocking ELISA 05/07/2018 Positive
Botswana Vaccine Institute (Regional Reference Laboratory) Cattle virus isolation 31/07/2018 Negative
Future Reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
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http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=27580