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Kenya - 3 new outbreaks of Bluetongue disease in sheep in farms, Samburu, Nakuru (OIE, July 20, 2018)

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  • Kenya - 3 new outbreaks of Bluetongue disease in sheep in farms, Samburu, Nakuru (OIE, July 20, 2018)

    Bluetongue,
    Kenya
    Information received on 20/07/2018 from Dr Obadiah Nyaga Njagi, Director of Veterinary Services, Directorate of Veterinary Services, State Department of Livestock, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries, NAIROBI, Kenya
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 20/06/2018
    Date of confirmation of the event 25/06/2018
    Report date 20/07/2018
    Date submitted to OIE 20/07/2018
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 1998
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Bluetongue virus
    Serotype Not typed
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (basic)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (3)
    Outbreak 1 Samburu Central, Samburu
    Date of start of the outbreak 20/06/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Sheep 350 64 0 0 0
    Outbreak 2 Gilgil, Nakuru
    Date of start of the outbreak 20/06/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Sheep 100 10 5 0 0
    Outbreak 3 Nakuru, Nakuru
    Date of start of the outbreak 20/06/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Sheep 150 15 0 0 0
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Sheep 600 89 5 0 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Sheep 14.83% 0.83% 5.62% 0.83%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Illegal movement of animals
    • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
    • Vectors
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Quarantine
    • Ante and post-mortem inspections
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Central veterinary laboratory (National laboratory) Sheep enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 13/07/2018 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=27259
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela
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