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  • Europe - Bluetongue type 4 emerges in Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro - OIE

    Bluetongue,
    Montenegro
    Information received on 30/09/2016 from Dr Vesna Dakovic, Acting Director, Administration for Food Safety, Veterinary and Phitosanitary Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, PODGORICA, Montenegro
    Summary
    Report type Follow-up report No. 2
    Date of start of the event 11/08/2016
    Date of confirmation of the event 11/08/2016
    Report date 30/09/2016
    Date submitted to OIE 30/09/2016
    Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 30/05/2015
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Bluetongue virus
    Serotype 4
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to the whole country
    Related reports Immediate notification (31/08/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 1 (31/08/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 2 (30/09/2016)
    New outbreaks (36)
    Outbreak 1 DANILOVGRAD, BANDICI, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 13/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 4 1 0 0
    Outbreak 2 DANILOVGRAD, BANDICI, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 15/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 75 6 4 4
    Outbreak 3 DANILOVGRAD, BANDICI, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 92 2 0 0
    Outbreak 4 DANILOVGRAD, BANDICI, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 35 2 0 0
    Outbreak 5 DANILOVGRAD, BANDICI, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 8 1 0 0
    Outbreak 6 DANILOVGRAD, BANDICI, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 8 1 0 0
    Outbreak 7 DANILOVGRAD, BANDICI, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 3 1 0 0
    Outbreak 8 DANILOVGRAD, BANDICI, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 7 1 0 0
    Outbreak 9 PODGORICA, ORASI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep / goats 198 22 6 6
    Outbreak 10 CETINJE, CETINJE
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 119 7 2 3
    Outbreak 11 PODGORICA, BURONJI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 100 23 0 0
    Outbreak 12 PODGORICA, DONJI KOKOTI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 127 1 0 0
    Outbreak 13 PODGORICA, BRIDJE, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 18/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 108 9 5 5
    Outbreak 14 PODGORICA, BIJELO POLJE, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 20 2 0 0
    Outbreak 15 PODGORICA, MATAGU?I, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 12 3 0 0
    Outbreak 16 PODGORICA, BERI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 17 1 1 1
    Outbreak 17 PODGORICA, DONJA GORICA, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 65 23 8 8
    Outbreak 18 DANILOVGRAD, BANDICI, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 12 1 0 0
    Outbreak 19 PODGORICA, TUZI, SKORAC, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 119 8 3 3
    Outbreak 20 PODGORICA, LJAJKOVICI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 9 1 1 1
    Outbreak 21 DANILOVGRAD, GORNJI ZAGARAC BB, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 2 1 0 0
    Outbreak 22 DANILOVGRAD, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 5 1 0 0
    Outbreak 23 DANILOVGRAD, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 19/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 2 1 0 0
    Outbreak 24 PODGORICA, VRANJ, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 20/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 1 1 0 0
    Outbreak 25 PODGORICA, GOLUBOVCI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 21/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 12 1 0 0
    Outbreak 26 Podgorica, Podgorica, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 21/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 57 1 1 1
    Outbreak 27 DANILOVGRAD, PLANA BB, DANILOVGRAD
    Date of start of the outbreak 21/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 24 2 0 0
    Outbreak 28 PODGORICA, DONJA GORICA, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 24/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 9 1 0 0
    Outbreak 29 PODGORICA, DONJA GORICA, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 26/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 704 24 0 0
    Outbreak 30 PODGORICA, LU?NICA, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 26/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Goats 40 1 0 0
    Outbreak 31 PODGORICA, BALOCI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 29/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 40 7 0 0
    Outbreak 32 PODGORICA, BURONJI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 30/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 72 47 25 25
    Outbreak 33 PODGORICA, VUKOVCI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 31/08/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 1 1
    Outbreak 34 PODGORICA, BERISLAVCI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 10 8 3 3
    Outbreak 35 PODGORICA, BALOCI, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 01/09/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Sheep 1 1
    Outbreak 36 PODGORICA, PODGORICA
    Date of start of the outbreak 03/09/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Backyard
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 1 1
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 36
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 23 6 0 0
    Sheep 1858 186 53 54
    Sheep / goats 198 22 6 6
    Goats 40 1 0 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Cattle 26.09% ** ** **
    Sheep 10.01% ** ** **
    Sheep / goats 11.11% 3.03% 27.27% **
    Goats 2.50% 0.00% 0.00% **
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Vectors
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Screening
    • Disinfection / Disinfestation
    • Quarantine
    • Modified stamping out
    • Control of vectors
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 13/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 24/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 03/09/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Goats reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 26/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 15/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 18/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 19/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 20/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 21/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 21/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 26/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 29/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 30/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 31/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 01/09/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 01/09/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep / goats reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 17/08/2016 Positive
    DIAGNOSTIC VETERINARY LABORATORY PODGORICA (National laboratory) Sheep reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 21/08/2016 Positive
    Future Reporting
    Map of outbreak locations
    ?Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights ? that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

  • #2
    Bluetongue,
    Croatia
    Information received on 30/09/2016 from Dr Tomislav Ki?, Assistant to Minister, Veterinary and Food Safety Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture, Zagreb, Croatia
    Summary
    Report type Follow-up report No. 1
    Date of start of the event 21/09/2016
    Date of confirmation of the event 26/09/2016
    Report date 30/09/2016
    Date submitted to OIE 30/09/2016
    Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 01/03/2016
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Bluetongue virus
    Serotype 4
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory (advanced)
    This event pertains to the whole country
    Related reports Immediate notification (26/09/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 1 (30/09/2016)
    New outbreaks (1)
    Outbreak 1 Strmica, Strmica, Knin, SIBENSKO-KNINSKA
    Date of start of the outbreak 24/09/2016
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 2 0 0 0 0
    Sheep 11 1 0 0 0
    Affected population Three animals showed clinical signs of disease, one of them was positive by real-time PCR.
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 2 0 0 0 0
    Sheep 11 1 0 0 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Cattle 0.00% 0.00% - 0.00%
    Sheep 9.09% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    • Disinfection / Disinfestation
    • Control of vectors
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Croatian Veterinary Institute, Split (National laboratory) Sheep real-time PCR 29/09/2016 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    Map of outbreak locations
    ?Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights ? that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

    Comment


    • #3
      Bluetongue,
      Serbia
      Information received on 30/09/2016 from Dr Budimir Plavšić, Head, Animal Health Department Veterinary Directorate, Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, Belgrade, Serbia
      Summary
      Report type Immediate notification
      Date of start of the event 17/09/2016
      Date of confirmation of the event 21/09/2016
      Report date 30/09/2016
      Date submitted to OIE 30/09/2016
      Reason for notification Reoccurrence of a listed disease
      Date of previous occurrence 31/12/2014
      Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      Causal agent Bluetongue virus
      Serotype 4
      Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
      This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
      New outbreaks (1)
      Outbreak 1 (15056) Rekovac, Rekovac, Pomoravski , SRBIJA
      Date of start of the outbreak 17/09/2016
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Backyard
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
      Sheep 70 4 2
      Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 1
      Total animals affected
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
      Sheep 70 4 2
      Outbreak statistics
      Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
      Sheep 5.71% 2.86% 50.00% **
      *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
      **Not calculated because of missing information
      Epidemiology
      Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
      Control measures
      Measures applied
      • Movement control inside the country
      • Disinfection / Disinfestation
      • Quarantine
      • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Zoning
      • Control of vectors
      • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
      • No treatment of affected animals
      Measures to be applied
      • No other measures
      Diagnostic test results
      Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
      Institute of Veterinary Medicine of Serbia (National laboratory) Sheep real-time PCR 21/09/2016 Positive
      Future Reporting
      The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
      Map of outbreak locations
      http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=21092

      ?Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights ? that must be our call to arms"
      Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

      ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

      Comment

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