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Italy - Outbreaks of bluetongue type 4 in animals

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  • #16
    Bluetongue,
    Italy
    Information received on 20/04/2017 from Prof. Dr. Romano Marabelli, Chief Veterinary Officer, Secretary General, Ministry of Health, Rome, Italy
    Summary
    Report type Follow-up report No. 19
    Date of start of the event 30/08/2016
    Date of confirmation of the event 01/09/2016
    Report date 20/04/2017
    Date submitted to OIE 20/04/2017
    Reason for notification New strain of a listed disease
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Bluetongue virus
    Serotype 4
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    Related reports Immediate notification (08/09/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 1 (28/09/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 2 (04/10/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 3 (11/10/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 4 (17/10/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 5 (24/10/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 6 (03/11/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 7 (10/11/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 8 (14/11/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 9 (21/11/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 10 (28/11/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 11 (20/12/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 12 (21/12/2016)
    Follow-up report No. 13 (17/01/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 14 (30/01/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 15 (08/02/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 16 (21/02/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 17 (03/03/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 18 (14/03/2017)
    Follow-up report No. 19 (20/04/2017)
    New outbreaks (9)
    Outbreak 1 (1049) Aviano, PORDENONE, FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA
    Date of start of the outbreak 18/12/2016
    Outbreak status Resolved (18/02/2017)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 302 8
    Outbreak 2 (84) MONTEBELLUNA, TREVISO, VENETO
    Date of start of the outbreak 09/03/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 190 2 0 0 0
    Outbreak 3 (81) ASOLO, TREVISO, VENETO
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/03/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 80 2 0 0 0
    Outbreak 4 (82) ASOLO, TREVISO, VENETO
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/03/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 70 1 0 0 0
    Outbreak 5 (83) PADERNO DEL GRAPPA, TREVISO, VENETO
    Date of start of the outbreak 17/03/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 65 2 0 0 0
    Outbreak 6 (85) BORSO DEL GRAPPA, TREVISO, VENETO
    Date of start of the outbreak 20/03/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 68 2 0 0 0
    Outbreak 7 (86) PADERNO DEL GRAPPA, TREVISO, VENETO
    Date of start of the outbreak 20/03/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 11 2 0 0 0
    Outbreak 8 (87) UDINE, UDINE, FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA
    Date of start of the outbreak 28/03/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 56 1 0 0 0
    Outbreak 9 (88) POZZUOLO DEL FRIULI, UDINE, FRIULI-VENEZIA GIULIA
    Date of start of the outbreak 28/03/2017
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Farm
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 46 1 0 1 0
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 9
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Destroyed Slaughtered
    Cattle 888 21 0 1 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Cattle 2.36% ** ** **
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Vectors
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Movement control inside the country
    • Screening
    • Zoning
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Cattle real-time PCR 31/03/2017 Positive
    Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 18/12/2016 Positive
    Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute (IZSAM), Teramo (National laboratory) Cattle reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) 05/04/2017 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=23595
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

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