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Niger - 3 new outbreaks of anthrax in sheep and cattle, Tillaberi (OIE, October 05, 2019)

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  • Niger - 3 new outbreaks of anthrax in sheep and cattle, Tillaberi (OIE, October 05, 2019)

    Anthrax,
    Niger
    Information received on 05/10/2019 from Dr Issiako Abdou, Directeur général des Services véterinaires, Direction de la Santé Animale, Ministère de l'Agriculture et de l'Elevage, Niamey, Niger
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 23/09/2019
    Date of confirmation of the event 26/09/2019
    Report date 05/10/2019
    Date submitted to OIE 05/10/2019
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 06/2018
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent Bacillus anthracis
    Nature of diagnosis Clinical, Laboratory (basic)
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (3)
    Outbreak 1 Inabaou Keltamodan, Bankilaré, Bankilaré, Tillaberi
    Date of start of the outbreak 23/09/2019
    Outbreak status Resolved (27/09/2019)
    Epidemiological unit Other
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Sheep 37 3 3 0 0
    Outbreak 2 Liboré, Liboré, Kollo, Tillaberi
    Date of start of the outbreak 25/09/2019
    Outbreak status Resolved (27/09/2019)
    Epidemiological unit Other
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Cattle 60 15 15 0 0
    Outbreak 3 Niamey commune 4, Commune 4, Commune 4, Tillaberi
    Date of start of the outbreak 01/10/2019
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Other
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Cattle 8 4 4 0 0
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 3
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Sheep 37 3 3 0 0
    Cattle 68 19 19 0 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Sheep 8.11% 8.11% 100.00% 8.11%
    Cattle 27.94% 27.94% 100.00% 27.94%
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • Vaccination in response to the outbreak (s)
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    National Laboratory (National laboratory) Sheep pathogenic agent isolation on culture 26/09/2019 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

    ...

    https://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/w...reportid=32014
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela
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