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Belgium - African Swine Fever Confirmed in Wild Boar

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  • Belgium - African Swine Fever Confirmed in Wild Boar

    google translation

    Press release from the FASFC and the Service Public Wallon (SPW) (13/09/2018)


    Confirming 2 wild boars that are carriers of the African swine fever virus in the municipality of Etalle (Luxembourg province). The disease is not contagious to humans. The activities of the different levels of competence are coordinated to prevent the possible spread of the virus through wild boar (regional competence) and to pig farms (federal competence). Belgium is still free from the disease in terms of pig farms


    The Food Agency, the Belgian reference laboratory Scienscano and the Walloon Region have consulted today 13/09/2018 to determine which measures will be taken in Belgium as a result of the discovery of 2 wild boars that are infected with the virus that African swine (African swine fever). Combating this disease is important from the point of view of animal health and the economy, but there is no risk for humans.

    The competences are divided between the regions, which are responsible for the health of wild animals, and the federal level for the health of kept pigs.

    African swine fever [AVP] is a highly contagious viral disease that affects only pigs and wild boar. The disease is in no way contagious to humans. The disease can easily be transferred from one animal to another through direct contact, but also through objects (vehicle, boots, clothing, ...) or contaminated food or leftover food left behind by humans. There is no specific treatment, nor a vaccine against this viral disease. Strict measures are imposed at European and national level to prevent the spread of the disease.
    AVP has been present for some years in Eastern European countries, where infections are detected both in domestic pigs and wild boar. In recent months, the virus has spread more to the West, affecting countries that were previously free. A lot has already been sensitized to this disease and a lot of communication has already taken place in Belgium and Europe at the level of pig farmers, hunters and the general public. The latest infections in Europe could be the result of leaving food left behind by travelers from contaminated areas.

    Monitoring in Belgium is well organized. As a result, the recent suspicions in dead animals can also be detected. Samples of these animals were immediately sent to the national reference laboratory Sciensano. The lab has now confirmed today that the suspect wild boar is indeed infected with AVP. Therefore, control measures for wild animals are imposed by the regional services in an effective cooperation framework and preventive measures for pig farms at the federal level. Biosafety in pig farms is crucial; the FASFC ensures that it is continually applied correctly.

    The situation is being taken very seriously by the relevant authorities and policy levels in Belgium and Europe. The measures are carefully planned and monitored in view of the impact on livestock farming and hunting. A national task force was set up in early 2018 in this respect. The various levels of competence will continue to work closely together in order to take the best possible preventive and control measures. The same thing happens at European level, where the necessary contacts were immediately made with the neighboring countries and the European Commission, which also immediately promised its support in the management.

    The Service Public de Wallonie, SPW, prepares measures to prevent the distribution of wild boars from the contaminated zone as much as possible and makes provisions with regard to hunting.

    The Department Nature et des Forêts, DNF, has already strengthened vigilance and monitoring. The public is asked to immediately inform the call center of the SPW, telephone number 1718, of all suspicious observations in nature.

    The SPW reminds all hikers to strictly apply the forest code, namely the obligation to stay on the roads and paths and to keep dogs on a leash. Specific information will be passed on to the forest operators.

    The SPW has also asked its agricultural services to be available to every pig farmer to minimize the potential economic consequences.

    h/t Bertrand789
    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~

  • #2
    African swine fever,
    Belgium
    Information received on 14/09/2018 from Dr Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, Belgium
    Summary
    Report type Immediate notification
    Date of start of the event 09/09/2018
    Date of confirmation of the event 13/09/2018
    Report date 14/09/2018
    Date submitted to OIE 14/09/2018
    Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
    Date of previous occurrence 1985
    Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
    Causal agent African swine fever virus
    Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
    This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
    New outbreaks (2)
    Outbreak 1 Etalle, Luxembourg
    Date of start of the outbreak 09/09/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Forest
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) 3 3 0 0
    Outbreak 2 Etalle, Luxembourg
    Date of start of the outbreak 10/09/2018
    Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
    Epidemiological unit Forest
    Affected animals
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) 1 0 1 0
    Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
    Total animals affected
    Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
    Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) 4 3 1 0
    Outbreak statistics
    Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
    Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) ** ** 75.00% **
    *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
    **Not calculated because of missing information
    Epidemiology
    Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
    • Unknown or inconclusive
    Control measures
    Measures applied
    • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
    • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
    • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
    • Control of wildlife reservoirs
    • Zoning
    • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
    • No treatment of affected animals
    Measures to be applied
    • No other measures
    Diagnostic test results
    Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
    Sciensano (National laboratory) Wild boar real-time PCR 13/09/2018 Positive
    Sciensano (National laboratory) Wild boar real-time PCR 13/09/2018 Positive
    Future Reporting
    The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
    ...
    http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=27948
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      African swine fever,
      Belgium
      Information received on 21/09/2018 from Dr Jean-François Heymans, Director, Animal Health and Safety of Products of Animal Origin, Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain (FASFC), Bruxelles, Belgium
      Summary
      Report type Follow-up report No. 1
      Date of start of the event 09/09/2018
      Date of confirmation of the event 13/09/2018
      Report date 21/09/2018
      Date submitted to OIE 21/09/2018
      Reason for notification Recurrence of a listed disease
      Date of previous occurrence 1985
      Manifestation of disease Clinical disease
      Causal agent Virus de la peste porcine africaine
      Nature of diagnosis Laboratory (advanced), Necropsy
      This event pertains to a defined zone within the country
      Related reports Immediate notification (14/09/2018)
      Follow-up report No. 1 (21/09/2018)
      New outbreaks (2)
      Outbreak 1 Buzenol, Etalle, Luxembourg
      Date of start of the outbreak 16/09/2018
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Forest
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) 1 1 0 0
      Outbreak 2 Buzenol, Etalle, Luxembourg
      Date of start of the outbreak 18/09/2018
      Outbreak status Continuing (or date resolved not provided)
      Epidemiological unit Forest
      Affected animals
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) 3 2 1
      Summary of outbreaks Total outbreaks: 2
      Total animals affected
      Species Susceptible Cases Deaths Killed and disposed of Slaughtered
      Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) 4 3 1 0
      Outbreak statistics
      Species Apparent morbidity rate Apparent mortality rate Apparent case fatality rate Proportion susceptible animals lost*
      Wild boar:Sus scrofa(Suidae) ** ** 75.00% **
      *Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction and/or slaughter
      **Not calculated because of missing information
      Epidemiology
      Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection
      • Unknown or inconclusive
      Control measures
      Measures applied
      • Surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone
      • Surveillance within containment and/or protection zone
      • Official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste
      • Control of wildlife reservoirs
      • Zoning
      • Vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists)
      • No treatment of affected animals
      Measures to be applied
      • No other measures
      Diagnostic test results
      Laboratory name and type Species Test Test date Result
      Sciensano (National laboratory) Wild boar real-time PCR 18/09/2018 Positive
      Sciensano (National laboratory) Wild boar real-time PCR 21/09/2018 Positive
      Sciensano (National laboratory) Wild boar real-time PCR 21/09/2018 Positive
      Sciensano (National laboratory) Wild boar real-time PCR 21/09/2018 Positive
      Future Reporting
      The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.
      ...
      http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wa...reportid=27989
      "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
      -Nelson Mandela

      Comment

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