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Zimbabwe Health Updates 2013 & 2014

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  • Zimbabwe Health Updates 2013 & 2014

    Humanitarian Bulletin
    Zimbabwe
    01 ? 31 March 2013

    ...
    Spike in Waterborne Diseases & Malaria
    Swift Response by Partners Curtails Cholera
    A fresh cholera outbreak, coupled with an escalation of waterborne diseases and malaria, preoccupied health partners in March.
    Health partners reported a resurgence of cholera, which had, up to now been contained. Four confirmed cholera cases were reported in March, a cause for concern as one confirmed cholera case indicates an outbreak.
    Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) partners responded within 24 hours of receiving reports, conducting joint assessments with the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare (MOHCW), and relevant local authorities. Activities also began within 24 hours of alerts being received and included case management, daily coordination meetings, health and hygiene education, dissemination of information, education and communication (IEC) materials to 897 households who also received non-food item (NFI) kits comprising jerry cans and a month?s supply of water treatment tablets. [Sources: Health and WASH Clusters]

    Long-Term Solution Required to Eradicate Typhoid
    The reported cumulative figure for typhoid stood at 6,883 suspected cases, 267 confirmed cases and seven deaths by the end of March 2013, since October 2011. In comparison, by the end of March 2012 a total of 4,132 cases and two deaths had been reported.

    In response, partners are engaged in various activities, including case management, door to door hygiene promotion campaigns in affected areas with emphasis on diarrhoea prevention, point of use water treatment and hand washing. Partners also distributed water treatment tablets and IEC materials targeting households and children in schools. The various response activities however, need to be buttressed by long term investments in water and sanitation infrastructure to avoid repeated outbreaks. [Sources: Health and WASH Clusters]

    Common Diarrhoea and Dysentery Cases Remain High
    From January to 31 March 130,876 cumulative diarrhoea cases and 93 deaths with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 0.07 per cent were reported.
    Partners have warned that diarrhoea cases are likely to increase, particularly among children, with the onset of winter. In comparison, during the same period in 2012 altogether 97,585 diarrhoea cases and 55 deaths were reported, reflecting a 75 per cent increase in cases.
    During the same period 14,744 cumulative dysentery cases and 11 deaths were reported, reflecting a 49 per cent increase to the 9,892 cases and 54 per cent increase to the five deaths reported from January to end of February 2013. In comparison, during the same period in 2012 a total of 9,845 dysentery cases and five deaths were reported, reflecting a 67 per cent increase in cases.
    The factors responsible for common diarrhoea, dysentery, typhoid and cholera are the same and relate to inadequacies in the provision of enough quality water and sanitation, poor hygiene practices, environmental contamination and poor solid and liquid waste management, especially in urban areas.
    In response, partners are continuously conducting health and hygiene education, coupled with distribution of NFIs and IEC materials where cases have been reported. In Shurugwi district, Midlands province, partners conducted water trucking for seven days coupled with flushing and cleaning of contaminated boreholes and reservoirs. The situation in Chiredzi and Rusape districts is under control although surveillance continues. [Sources: Health and WASH Clusters]

    Malaria Deaths Almost Double Compared to 2012
    Cumulative malaria cases soared to 199,697 and 111 deaths with a CFR of 0.05 per cent between 1 January and 31 March, a major concern to partners. The 75,728 cases and 56 deaths reported in March alone represent a 61 per cent and 101 per cent increase to the 123,969 malaria cases and 55 deaths reported in the first two months of 2013.

    Over the same period in 2012, a total of 109,373 cases and 84 deaths were reported with a CFR of 0.08 per cent.
    The situation has been attributed to unusually high rains in January and February. In Manicaland and Mashonaland Central provinces, a significant number of cases is from across the border persons as people seek services on the Zimbabwean side. High numbers of deaths can also be attributed to high turnover of staff who are trained in case management and lack of such training among Village Health Workers in some wards.
    In view of the continued escalation in cases and deaths, health partners are seeking funding from the Emergency Response Fund (ERF) and other donors to support interventions. In addition, partners are assisting with social mobilisation and health education, distribution of medical commodities, surveillance and training of village health workers in diagnosis and treatment. [Sources: Health and WASH Clusters]
    ...
    Twitter: @RonanKelly13
    The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

  • #2
    Re: Zimbabwe Health Updates 2013

    Humanitarian Bulletin
    Zimbabwe
    01 ? 30 April 2013
    http://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb...ril%202013.pdf
    ...
    Limited Success in Battle Against Diseases

    Cholera Outbreak Contained, but other diseases increase
    The cholera outbreak first reported in March 2013 was contained by mid-April with a total
    of five confirmed cases and no deaths being reported. However, typhoid, diarrhoea and
    dysentery continue to increase, a situation that is expected to continue without long term
    investment in water and sanitation infrastructure.

    The reported cumulative figure for typhoid stood at
    6,913 suspected cases, 267 confirmed cases and seven
    deaths by 28 April 2013, since October 2011. This
    reflects an increase of 30 cases to the 6,883 reported at
    the end of March 2013 although there were no new
    deaths.
    In comparison, by 29 April 2012, a total of 4,608 cases were reported since the
    outbreak began in October 2011.

    From January to 28 April 164,529 cumulative diarrhoea
    cases and 128 deaths with a case fatality rate (CFR) of
    0.08 per cent were reported.
    Partners have warned of a
    possible increase in diarrhoea cases with the onset of
    winter, particularly among children.

    During the same period 17,779 cumulative dysentery cases and 16 deaths were reported
    with a CFR of 0.09 per cent.


    Health and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) partners are responding through case
    management, health and hygiene education, dissemination of information, education and
    communication (IEC) materials and distribution of non-food items (NFI) in affected
    communities. [Sources: Health & WASH Clusters]

    Current Malaria Cases Highest in Three Years
    Malaria cases reported in 2013 remain high compared to the previous
    two years. Cumulative malaria cases reported between 1 January and 28
    April stood at 274,745 and 190 deaths with a CFR of 0.07 per cent.

    This was a significant increase to 161,491 cases and 125 deaths with a
    CFR of 0.05 per cent reported during the same period in 2012. Manicaland
    and Mashonaland Central provinces remain the worst affected, a situation
    attributed to people from neighbouring countries seeking services on the Zimbabwean
    side. In response, partners are assisting with social mobilisation and health education,
    distribution of medical commodities, surveillance and training of village health workers in
    diagnosis and treatment. The OCHA-managed Emergency Response Fund (ERF) in April
    provided additional funds in support of interventions that are already underway. [Source:
    Health Cluster]
    ...
    Twitter: @RonanKelly13
    The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

    Comment


    • #3
      Re: Zimbabwe Health Updates 2013

      Water-borne diseases on the rise

      Sunday, 12 January 2014 00:00

      Sharon Kavhu
      Over 560 people in Zimbabwe died last year from water-borne diseases while 590 753 others contracted the diseases thereby raising fears that the statistics will escalate if authorities fail to ensure greater access to clean water.
      In 2012, 307 deaths were recorded while 504 313 people contracted the diseases.

      In its latest weekly report on epidemic, prone diseases, deaths and public health events, the Ministry of Health and Child Care said cholera, typhoid, common diarrhoea and dysentery accounted for the figures.

      Four people died as a result of diarrhoea, while 5 862 people were being treated in the week ending December 22, 2013 alone. A total of 493 deaths were caused by the disease throughout the year.
      ...
      http://www.sundaymail.co.zw/index.ph...0#.UtKRTtI_AiM
      Twitter: @RonanKelly13
      The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

      Comment


      • #4
        Re: Zimbabwe Health Updates 2013

        26 people die from diarrhoea in one week

        by Staff Reporter
        12 January 2014 | 1604 Views
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        Twenty-six people died of diarrhoeal diseases countrywide in one week alone during the festive season, a weekly disease surveillance report has revealed.

        According to the report, 16 died of common diarrhoea while 10 others died from dysentery in week ending December 26.
        ...
        - See more at: http://www.bulawayo24.com/index-id-n....dSGPtpC5.dpuf

        38 succumb to waterborne diseases in one week

        by Staff Reporter
        18 February 2014 | 821 Views

        At least 38 people have died from waterborne related epidemics, including diarrhoea and dysentery in week 5 of 2014, with 16 suspected new typhoid cases reported, the ministry of Health and Child Care has said.

        The weekly report on epidemic and prone diseases disclosed that of the deaths recorded, 17 were diarrhoea related, followed by malaria with 16 deaths and dysentery which claimed 5.

        - See more at: http://www.bulawayo24.com/index-id-n....Hr0jcd2f.dpuf
        Twitter: @RonanKelly13
        The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

        Comment


        • #5
          Re: Zimbabwe Health Updates 2013 & 2014

          Diarrhoea claims 132
          March 9, 2014 in News

          OVER 130 people died of diarrhoeal diseases countrywide since the beginning of the year, a government weekly disease surveillance report has revealed.

          BY PHYLLIS MBANJE

          The latest report by the Ministry of Health and Child Care for the week ending February 23, says 132 people died of common diarrhoea in the past two months with almost 50% of that figure being children under the age of five years.

          The report says on average over 12 000 cases of diarrhoea were recorded weekly throughout the country with most cases coming from Manicaland province.
          ...
          http://www.thestandard.co.zw/2014/03...ea-claims-132/
          Twitter: @RonanKelly13
          The views expressed are mine alone and do not represent the views of my employer or any other person or organization.

          Comment

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