WHO Sudan Emergency Preparedness and Humanitarian Action (EHA)
Sudan Health Highlights
1 - 14 February 2014
Communicable diseases, surveillance and control
Monitoring outbreak control measures in El Sareif Camp, South Darfur
On 10 February 2014, a joint inter-agency mission of WHO, State Ministry of Health (SMoH), Me decins Sans Frontie res
(MSF-B), Mercy Corps-Scotland was conducted to monitor the health situation in El Sareif camp, as well as the control
measures, carried out against the outbreaks of scabies and acute jaundice syndrome. The average scabies cases reported
per day is 35-40 patients (mainly children under five and women) and that the total scabies cases treated in the centre has
reached 1447 cases.
Additionally, there is insufficient supply of Benzyl benzoate; patients require 3-5 litres per day. Moreover, there were 51 cases of acute jaundice syndrome cases reported with no death.

From 8 February and 14 February 2014, 77.9% of the
health facilities in Darfur reported to EWARS, with a benchmark for reporting set at 85%, During the week, there were
48 862 consultations among 2.42 million population under

Acute respiratory infections (ARI), bloody diarrhoea (BD),
clinical malaria (MAL), were the leading causes of morbidity
in Darfur during the week. During the week, 18 cases of acute
jaundice syndrome (AJS) were reported from South Darfur
(seven cases), West Darfur (two cases) and North Darfur
(nine cases). No case of measles was reported during the
week in Greater Darfur. Three (03) deaths were reported this
week in North Darfur and were attributed to ‘other
causes’ (not to any diseases under surveillance).

Disease morbidity in East Sudan
Please refer to table 2 below comparing incidence
rate/10000 population in the eastern states (Gedarif, Kassala
and Red Sea).

Four suspected cases of measles were reported from Kassala and Rural Kassala localities. Result of the investigation is still
pending. In addition, one case of suspected whooping cough was reported from Port Sudan locality in Red Sea State.
Between January 7 and February 6, MOH
in Kassala State received notification of 14
suspected cases with one death of haemorrhagic fever
, mainly from localities of Kassala, Rural Kassala, Wad Alhelaiu and Rural
Aroma. 21.4% of the patients are females
and 92.8 of the reported cases are in the age
group 15-45 years. The most common complaints were fever, headache, bleeding and
joint pains. All cases were investigated, blood
samples collected and sent to National Public
Health Laboratory for further investigations.
One sample showed positive result for dengue fever (DF), two other samples were positive for Chikungunya in two female patients
from Fato Alshkoria in locality of Rural Kassala. Entomological survey showed presence
of Aedes egypti mosquito in Fato Elshokria.
Surveillance system is alerted in affected areas and potential areas for DF outbreak (area
with history of outbreak). Vector control
campaign is ongoing with support from state
and locality authority.