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Cameroon: 54 cases, 16 deaths due to undiagnosed illness - all cases under 5 years old

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  • Cameroon: 54 cases, 16 deaths due to undiagnosed illness - all cases under 5 years old

    Measles?

    Published Date: 2017-03-19 06:44:02
    Subject: PRO / EN> Infectious disease of unknown, fatal origin - Cameroon (Far North): ICR
    Archive Number: 20170319.4910238
    INFECTIOUS DISEASE OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN, FATAL - CAMEROON (EXTREME NORTH): ADDITIONAL INFORMATION REQUIRED
    ************************************************** ************************************************** ***************
    A communication from ProMED-mail
    Http://www.promedmail.org
    ProMED-mail is a program of the
    International Society for Infectious Diseases
    Http://www.isid.org

    Date: Fri 17 March 2017
    Source: APA-News (African News Agency) [edited]
    Http://apanews.net/index.php/en/news...ve-au-cameroun


    Already 16 dead as a result of "eruptive fever" in Cameroon
    ---------------------
    At least 16 people out of 54 patients have died in the Far North of Cameroon as a result of a "mysterious disease" that would be atypical eruptive fever (FEA), hospital sources said Friday.
    According to the Director of the Fight against Disease and Epidemics (DLMEP) in the Ministry of Public Health, Dr. Etoundi Mballa, it is a "curious disease" whose symptoms suggest that it is a FEA , Adding that "the investigations are continuing".
    According to the Ministry of Public Health, "the most important thing is to know if it is an infectious disease and so far we know that it is not something that is contaminating itself," he said. indicated.
    Atypical eruptive fever (FEA), which appeared in 6 health districts (DS) of the MayoTsanaga in the Far North, continues to cause fatalities.
    Its frequent clinical manifestations are persistent fever, rash, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, and lymphadenopathy.
    According to medical sources, the victims of this new disease are only children under 5 years of age.

    [By MBOG / od / APA]

    -
    Press Release:
    ProMED-ENG



    [Clinical signs of this atypical eruptive fever (FEA) are not pathognomonic of a single infectious disease. Indeed, many viral and bacterial infections can have this clinical picture. What seems obvious is that the disease affects mostly children under 5 years of age. In any case, ProMED-FRA would be grateful to anyone who can provide additional information on this FEA and to know the nature and the etiology of this disease.


  • #2
    Report from the Ministry of Health in February:

    Translation Google

    SITUATION REPORT NO. 2
    ATYPICAL FEBRILE ERUPTION IN THE EXTREME NORTHERN REGION
    February 2017

    Photo: lesions found in some affected children and their location

    1. SUMMARY OF THE SITUATION
    • 16/02/2016, notification of six cases of atypical eruptive fever
    and resistant to usual antibiotics including 4 deaths in the HD of Mokolo;
    ,
    • 21 cases found during the active search, 12 of which were deceased (10
    Records of HD Mokolo and 2 in community) since January 2016;
    • Area of ​​origin of the cases: DS Mogode, DS Bourrha, DS Mokolo, DS Roua;
    Clinical Manifestations: persistent fever, localized rash
    Plantar and cephalic, hepato splenomegaly, anemia;

    • The Rapid Investigation and Response Team (EI2R) goes down on 19/02/2017
    ...
    https://www.humanitarianresponse.inf...ep20nc2b02.pdf

    --------------------------------------------------- ----------------------

    Translation Google

    Epidemiological Bulletin of the Far North
    Case of Atypical Eruptive Fever (FEA) in the Region
    Evaluation of the management of the event
    SITREP N 06 of March 12, 2017


    I. SUMMARY OF THE SITUATION
     16/02/2016, notification of two cases of persistent eruptive fever at the Mokolo HD
    43 cases already notified since January 2016
     16 deaths (37.21%)
     Area of ​​origin of cases: 6 DS

    - Extreme North: DS Bourha, Mokolo, Mogode, Hina, Roua
    - North: DS Mayo-Oulo
    Frequent clinical manifestations: Persistent fever, rash, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly,
    Adenopathies

    ...

    Https://www.humanitarianresponse.inf...mars202017.pdf
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

    Comment


    • #3
      This would be remarkable if confirmed and is not consistent with the age reported above:


      Published Date: 2017-03-25 16:27:48
      Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed rash - Cameroon (03): (EN) fatalities, commentary
      Archive Number: 20170325.4925761
      UNDIAGNOSED RASH - CAMEROON (03): (EXTREME NORTH) FATALITIES, COMMENTARY
      ************************************************** **********************
      A ProMED-mail post
      http://www.promedmail.org
      ProMED-mail is a program of the
      International Society for Infectious Diseases
      http://www.isid.org

      Date: Fri 24 Mar 2017
      Source: EpiCore Global Surveillance Project [edited]


      Concerning this outbreak, the analysis' results are still waiting. We think that this outbreak can be due to migration observed in the Far North of Cameroon. In central Africa (Central African Republic), we have also observed these same cases due to Monkey pox. Only the analysis' results of "Centre Pasteur du Cameroun" will help us know more about this outbreak.

      --
      Communicated by:
      EpiCore Surveillance Project member
      Romaric Ateugieu
      University of Douala,
      Douala, Cameroon

      [Douala, Cameroon ProMED thanks this EpiCore Surveillace Project member for his contribution. Indeed monkey pox has been described in chimpanzees in Cameroon but it is unclear if human have or are occurring. We await further information. - Mod.LL

      A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/65.]

      Comment

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