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Sierra Leone, WHO Ebola Situation Report feb 3, 2016 - 48 missing contacts, 18 of whom are high risk

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  • Sierra Leone, WHO Ebola Situation Report feb 3, 2016 - 48 missing contacts, 18 of whom are high risk

    WHO - Ebola Situation Report - 3 February 2016
    • Human-to-human transmission directly linked to the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa was declared to have ended in Sierra Leone on 7 November 2015. The country then entered a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance to ensure the rapid detection of any further cases that might arise as a result of a missed transmission chain, reintroduction from an animal reservoir, importation from an area of active transmission, or re-emergence of virus that had persisted in a survivor. On 14 January, 68 days into the 90-day surveillance period, a new confirmed case of EVD was reported in Sierra Leone after a post-mortem swab collected from a deceased 22-year-old woman tested positive for Ebola virus. The woman died on 12 January at her family home in the town of Magburaka, Tonkolili district, and received an unsafe burial. Approximately 150 contacts associated with the case were listed in 4 districts; the total number of contacts currently under follow-up (as at 2 February) is 112. A number of contacts deemed to be at highest risk of developing EVD, including members of the close family of the index case, were transferred to voluntary quarantine facilities (VQFs) for the duration of their 21-day follow-up period. On 20 January, one of the contacts residing in a VQF in the district of Tonkolili developed symptoms and tested positive for Ebola virus. This second case in the cluster is the aunt of the index case, and cared for her during her illness. She was transferred to an Ebola treatment centre in Freetown, where she continues to receive treatment.
    • The 4 contacts who were residing in the same VQF as the most recent case at the time she became ill will remain under observation until 11 February, 21 days after their last possible exposure. All 108 other contacts associated with the index case will complete their 21-day follow-up period on 3 February. However, 48 of the 108 are yet to be traced, and efforts to locate them will continue for at least a further 21 days from 3 February. All 48 missing contacts, 18 of whom are high risk, were originally listed in Kambia.
    LINK TO FULL REPORT
    Human-to-human transmission directly linked to the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa was declared to have ended in Sierra Leone on 7 November 2015. The country then entered a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance to ensure the rapid detection of any further cases that might arise as a result of a missed transmission chain, reintroduction from an animal reservoir, importation from an area of active transmission, or re-emergence of virus that had persisted in a survivor. On 14 January, 68 days into the 90-day surveillance period, a new confirmed case of EVD was reported in Sierra Leone after a post-mortem swab collected from a deceased 22-year-old woman tested positive for Ebola virus. The woman died on 12 January at her family home in the town of Magburaka, Tonkolili district, and received an unsafe burial. Approximately 150 contacts associated with the case were listed in 4 districts; the total number of contacts currently under follow-up (as at 2 February) is 112. A number of contacts deemed to be at highest risk of developing EVD, including members of the close family of the index case, were transferred to voluntary quarantine facilities (VQFs) for the duration of their 21-day follow-up period. On 20 January, one of the contacts residing in a VQF in the district of Tonkolili developed symptoms and tested positive for Ebola virus. This second case in the cluster is the aunt of the index case, and cared for her during her illness. She was transferred to an Ebola treatment centre in Freetown, where she continues to receive treatment. The 4 contacts who were residing in the same VQF as the most recent case at the time she became ill will remain under observation until 11 February, 21 days after their last possible exposure. All 108 other contacts associated with the index case will complete their 21-day follow-up period on 3 February. However, 48 of the 108 are yet to be traced, and efforts to locate them will continue for at least a further 21 days from 3 February. All 48 missing contacts, 18 of whom are high risk, were originally listed in Kambia.  Human-to-human transmission linked to the most recent cluster of cases in Liberia was declared to have ended on 14 January 2016. Guinea was declared free of Ebola transmission on 29 December 2015, and has now entered a 90-day period of enhanced surveillance that is due to end on 27 March 2016.
    “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
    Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

    ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ GertvanderHoek@gmail.com ~~~
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