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Ebola virus is in Guinea since 1982, according to a doctor

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  • Ebola virus is in Guinea since 1982, according to a doctor

    Translation Google

    Ebola virus is in Guinea since 1982, according to a doctor

    16 October 2014

    Ebola, the virus responsible for the deaths of more than 4,000 people worldwide existed in Guinea since 1982. It is what revealed Dr. Ben Youssouf Keita, Guinean, doctor in Paris. Member of the Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG), he argues, with supporting documentation that the Ebola virus has indeed existed in the country in the early 80s.

    Haemorrhagic fever was in Guinea in 1982, according to the doctor Keita, a member of the Health and Education Committee of the Guinean Parliament. The virus responsible for this disease is among the most contagious and fatal in humans and is a serious public health problem and an obstacle to economic development. In the early 80s, Ebola and Lassa attracted the attention of researchers Guineans and Russians.

    Elements of Clinical epidemiological research and laboratory hemorrhagic fevers, in Guinea published in volume 80 of the Bulletin of the Society of Exotic Pathology published in 1987 state that the Ebola virus has caused casualties in the sub-prefecture of Madina Oula (Kindia) in 1982.

    This study, according to our investigations, was conducted by Guinean and Russian researchers at the Pasteur Institute based in Guinea Kindia. Among them, Professor Ibrahima Boiro, director of the Laboratory of Virology and Microbiology Institute said at the time, and Dr. Cellou Balde, current Scientific Secretary in the same research institute. Alphonse Inapogui Pema, the third Guinean, who participated in this study died there a few years ago.

    What the document says

    The Bulletin of the Society of Exotic Pathology, not least, spends more than five pages to study in Madina Oula in the period March-August 1982 and January 1983. During this period, outbreaks of fevers, bleeding were recorded among the inhabitants of the sub-prefecture of Madina Oula. Clinico-epidemiological research and laboratory helped to appreciate the severity of Ebola and Lassa virus in the etiology of these diseases.

    During expeditions to the sub-prefecture, researchers have made consultations clinico-epidemiological populations of Madina Oula, and blood samples and also capture of small wild rodents and peridomestic. In their research, the scientists used a sample of 138 blood serum of healthy people and 79 blood serum of convalescent were collected. Rodents themselves were captured in Madina Oula and in several other areas of the prefectures of Kindia and Forecariah.

    This study, which dates from 1982, a first in Guinean territory, says that cases of reported diseases in Madina Oula were characterized by a clinical picture: 'fever with headache in the early days of the disease, cough and cold, asthma, and severe chest pain in muscles, kidneys, pronounced asthenia and in some cases dizziness, anorexia, weight loss'. In other patients, the researchers reported, 'vomiting (sometimes blood), and diarrhea and hematuria were noted'.

    The test results of 138 blood serum performed at the Pasteur Institute in Guinea have revealed the presence of Ebola virus antibodies in 11 cases. According to data on mobility due to hemorrhagic fevers, on 2168 inhabitants of Madina Oula in 1982, 360 have recorded cases of illness, 137 of them have succumbed to the infection.

    The study also showed that all patients had regular contact with the surrounding natural environment. In most cases, even before the disease, they had carried out field work in which they had noticed the presence of a large number of rats and small rodents. According to the researchers, these animals could be the natural reservoir for the causative agents of hemorrhagic fevers. Among wild animals captured during the expeditions to Madina Oula, African rat Mastomys natalensis species were most numerous. These rodents are recognized by scientists as reservoirs and vehicles for transmission to humans of Lassa virus and Ebola virus possibly in other countries.

    The virus has existed in Guinea before December 2013

    Former Environment Minister, Professor Ibrahima Boiro, and director of the Laboratory of Virology, Microbiology Pasteur Institute Kindia piloted the study. However, he indicated that the Ebola virus may have existed in 1982. What is certain, he said, the team he led showed the existence of the Ebola virus in Madina Oula.

    'We did serological tests and we detected Ebola antibodies in blood serum,' 'he confirms. 'I directed the laboratory of the Pasteur Institute. Meanwhile, I changed my profile, I am currently working in the environmental field. People can not say that Ebola that the Ebola virus has just arrived in Guinea. It is endemic. 'says Professor. Boiro.

    British researchers have recently sequenced the genome of the Ebola virus outbreak in Sierra Leone, says former environment minister. They have found that there are at least 300 mutations between Ebola virus isolated in 1976 in Zaire and one that makes havoc today. 'I am no longer in the field. Long ago I changed my profile. I totally reconfigured. There is a team who worked on the virus in Kindia, they can serve a purpose in the fight against the disease ', has he cut short.

    Confirmation of the Pasteur Institute

    At the Institut Pasteur of Kindia where he held the position of Scientific Secretary, Dr. Cellou Balde admits that cases of Ebola patients were registered in 1982 in the sub-prefecture of Madina Oula. But it may be that the virus is present in Guinea several years before, he said.

    'No one has contacted us since the beginning of the disease,' 'says Dr. Balde. 'We are researchers committed to a mission of the State. When we finish the research we report to the proper authorities. It is their responsibility to use wisely the results we have given them. It is not for us to revisit the responsibilities of another ', analyzes the researcher.

    Is Ebola at is first appearance in Guinea? do we raise.. 'I am outraged by the fact that the people tell that the virus just appeared in our country. To say it is as if the administration is not a continuity. We have described it when we could not even think of cholera in the country. President Sekou Toure could not hear of epidemics in Guinea. We have described the virus in 1983, a year before his death. We published the results in 1987, it was up to the proper authorities to use it. These are public health outcomes. There is a structure that has been entrusted these activities, '' says Dr. Balde.

    The National Coordination response against Ebola ignores this study

    'This is information I learn from you. I even have the hair stand up on my head. How this study can exist without anyone speaking', wonders Fode Sylla Tass, communications officer for coordinating response against Ebola. He immediately gave us an appointment at his office to scan the document. There he changed his tone. 'The coordination is going to start to document and study it carefully,' 'Has he promised.

    Ciré BALDE, for VisionGuinee.Info
    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2
    Re: Ebola virus is in Guinea since 1982, according to a doctor
    Google translation:
    REVELATIONS: Ebola emerged in Guinea in the 80s
    If one believes the Honourable Ben Youssouf Keita, physician and scientist of his condition and under the supervision of Dr. Ibrahima Boiro and company, the Pasteur Institute have discovered and countered Kindia Ebola in the 80s in Guinea. The virus would have appeared for the first time in the sub prefecture of Madina Oula to the border of Sierra Leone twice to be curbed by local expertise backed by Soviet experts. What emerges from this interview with our reporter by Dr. Ben Youssouf Keita.

    The Diplomat: You say that the Ebola epidemic exists in Guinea since 1982 on the basis of your research ...
    Dr Ben Youssouf Keita: Indeed, the Ebola outbreak does exist in Guinea since 1982, ie six years after its appearance in September 1976 in Zaire. It appeared from us precisely in the sub-prefecture of Madina Oula in Kindia. And as you know, there Kindia the scientific research institute of Pastoria very famous at the time of the First and Second Republics. Guineans who participated in the research on this topic are here and are very much alive and y'en three MM. Balde and Ibrahima Inapogui Boiro.
    Do you refer to the former Minister of the Environment, Professor Ibrahima Boiro?
    I believe it is from him that it is through this that when I asked some people who are Ibrahima Boiro, I was told that it was he who was the director of the Pasteur Institute . Moreover, he was director of the research center Sérédou and the center of environmental research at the institute Gamal Abdel Nasser of Conakry. They are the ones who actually conducted the research. And these researchers may well remember their experiences of 1980, 1982 to 1987, the year in which they were published to help us to master and oust Ebola virus outside the national territory.
    Is it at the time the epidemic had spread as is the case now?
    No, according to the study published in 1987 by Russian scientists and Guinea in March 1982, after six months, Ebola has been mastered in Madina Oula, then it reappeared in January and was immediately overpowered as Zaire where Ebola River, the name given to the illness room.
    In Guinea, too, the disease has not exceeded Madina Oula for being controlled by the local expertise that we owe to people whose needs today in Guinea team coordination of the response. Ebola is back in Guinea, 34 years later, but difficult to explain how he managed to Gueckédou.
    Yet there is evidence that rodents and bats -Mouse are the natural reservoir. Gueckédou is a forest area near the parrot's beak between Liberia and Sierra Leone, so an overlay area between the two countries. That is to say, while in Sierra Leone, where already in 1980 it was discovered fever Lhasa. But speaking of Lhasa, immediately evokes Ebola with whom she cohabits. The couple may be absent for some time, but always come together. However, we discovered also Madina Oula very quickly with bleeding, fevers, vomiting, diarrhea that it was Ebola which decimated populations. The tests had indeed said that of 130 cases, 11 were positive, so from 1982 to 1983 it was known that it was Ebola and that's why we made ​​the publication in 1987.
    What would you then advocate to quickly overcome this epidemic?
    We need all the means just for the fight against Ebola actually go in this direction. These are the material resources that matter first, like nothing can go without finance. Second, there is the intellectual, human resources such as those that have enabled to eradicate Guinea between 1982 and 1983 Ebola Some are alive and should involve them in the circle of fighters against Ebola. Their experiences will serve us and help us curb this case by that fight against Ebola assumes the financial and intellectual resources.
    Do you find it normal that 2, 3% of the budget of the Department of Health will be allocated in the 2015 budget estimate?
    Anyway Ebola just say it's time to prioritize. We must strengthen the health system but 2.3% is ridiculous and should be at least 14%, if we can not reach 15%.
    Interview by
    Koluba Koivogui
    “‘i love myself.’ the quietest. simplest. most powerful. revolution ever.” ---- nayyirah waheed

    Avatar: Franz Marc, Liegender Hund im Schnee 1911 (My posts are not intended as advice or professional assessments of any kind.)


    • #3
      Re: Ebola virus is in Guinea since 1982, according to a doctor
      Google translation:
      Dr Ben Youssef Keita: "Ebola is in Guinea since 1982 and there is irresponsibility of the leaders of this country since that time until now"

      Published Sunday, 12 October 2014 24:53
      Written by Aminata

      Dr Ben Youssouf Keita is a physician who practiced in Paris hospitals, trained in Cuba and France. He is deputy of the National Assembly, member of the health committee, education, social affairs, youth, sports and arts. It is also an official of the C ouncil policy UFDG, the main P arti opposition and a member of the parliamentary group of the Liberal Democrats.
      The microphone this doctor member says how he has discovered a document indicating the presence of Ebola virus in Guinea since 1982. Follow

      Dr. Keita come and discover very important information about the Ebola virus, is - Can you tell us what it is I need regular.

      I confess that it's amazing that I just found out, it's amazing. There Guineans who knew and discovered Ebola through scientific research of Pastoria 1982 1983 (note: the Pasteur Institute Guinea , Located in Kindia ). They found that Guineans die in the Kindia region, especially in Madina Oula. These people had the same symptoms and the same signs that we are seeing now. So they did some research, publications, they came to the conclusion in 1987 that these people die bleeding, vomiting, fevers and were infected with Ebola. I have it with me, I want to give it to you. This is Professor Ibrahima Boiro, the former environment minister, a Inapogui who died there Balde has another (note: made ​​signs of life that e I do not know. But Professor Boiro and appointed Balde are all there and are currently in the shadows.

      So the discovery that you just proves that the disease has not been imported, the words of some rumors?

      I just got confirmation that the disease has not been imported. And I have never doubted it, because it'll be too criminal to import such a disease and the " throw away " on s are citizens or on s 're compatriots. Because nobody knows who will be saved and who will be achieved. I have never believed that the disease was imported. As a scientist, I know that Ebola is collected from rodents and wherever there was forest there may be Ebola. For me, I knew there very long as this statement of some people that were misleading. Objectively, Ebola has not been imported, Ebola in Guinea since 1982.

      At the time what the measures used to overcome the disease were?

      But it's amazing, you will see in the paper, the researchers have actually proven that over 50% of patients Ebola died. They studied. I want to read the game.
      Look closely, the summary table is given es the mortaliy due to Ebola in the sub-prefecture of Madina Oula. That's studies conducted from 1982 to 1983 and published in 1987.

      Localities visited Dar es Salaam; 340 inhabitants, 15 deaths, case fatality rate of 35.5%; Famaya: 82 inhabitants, 19 number of patients, number of death s 7 fatality rate of 36.5; Douania: the population is not given, the number of patients 25, 10 deaths, case fatality rate of 40%; Domania: number of 415 inhabitants, number of patients 17 6 deaths, 35.5%; Kankouya: 140 per capita, number of patients 35, 13 deaths or 35.5%; Negueyah: we do there had no numbers in population, but 30 patients including 8 deaths, 26.6%; Bombiya: 220 per capita, number of patients 12 deaths 3, the case fatality rate of 23%; Sékousouria: there is not a the number of inhabitants, the number of patients 6, 3 deaths, 50%; Saféré: 240 per capita, number of patients 66, 23 deaths, or a mortality rate of 34, 8%; Karimouya: 150 per capita, number of patients 50, 19 deaths, 38, 8%; Wasso: number of 475 inhabitants, number of patients per 60 Ebola, many dead s 300 or 50%. That makes a total of 2168 people of which 360 were achieved by Ebola and 137 died either 38% . And that was from 1982 to 1983 and this study was published in 1987 So those people are there.

      At the time how they stopped the progression of the disease?

      But I just found myself this document. These are the people, we must call to ask how they could stop the disease from 1982 1983 Two years before the death of Sékou Touré. So this means that since 1 regime , Ebola was known existed. People who have studied it, they are there yet. I do not know how they were able to identify that, because of a population of 2168 inhabitants, 360 Ebola caught with 137 dead. And we had no means to contain. Now how in 2014, in the 21st century over 32 years with all the sophisticated tools we have, how we can not then halt Ebola? How we can save such a disaster until the country falls? Somewhere, there is irresponsibility of the leaders of this country since 1982 until now, we must know why we did not let these people change, create the Pasteur Institute? Because the people who made ​​this study worked at the institute P asteur Kindia.

      Does doctor, the name of the disease was indeed served (given) in this document?

      I'll watch, it's in black and white. Viewing z this passage for example, "taking into account all the epidemiological and laboratory data above, we could admit the existence of Guinea pushed EPI demo similar to hemorrhagic fever whose etiologic agents are Ebola virus." And that was in 1982 in Guinea.

      Now what is the solution you recommend?

      What is important in this, c ' e st that n e s we Does not that l 're bald - mouse virus vectors which are . Because they (the researchers at the time Ed) found rodents, they said "these rodents are known reservoirs and agents of transmission to humans of the Ebola virus."

      Do you have a solution that might actually contribute through this document to stop or limit the damage Ebola is going to cause in our country I need regular.

      But medicine is based on experience, because the body , it is the same in the B launched, with the N oir, in the J ell we all have 4 limbs, head and trunk ; it does not change. So those who worked there, they have experience of over 30 years. These people knew that Ebola was, they had cases, they worked, they were able to limit. And these people are still there and have other further studies. Why not the Immediately call. They must call l and put them to work for this fight.

      This is an opportunity for me to launch a still appeal to the President of the Republic, Mr. Alpha Condé as my recent call so that Sackoba Keita current coordinator of the response have hands free and that give him all the responsibilities for the management of Ebola. Because he could handle all epidemics such as meningitis and cholera. As the President knows not that these people are there, so I took advantage of my position as a member of the Assembly and member of the Health Committee , with access to lots of information , for ask him to add to the team Sackoba, these brilliant teachers who are still here and are in the shadows. This is Professor Ibrahima Boiro and Dr Mamadou Cellou Balde is my contribution as a physician, as a Guinean MP for Ebola is eradicated.
      Interview by Abdallah Balde attended Umar M 'Böh for Thursday, October 9, 2014

      Tragic - this research was buried along with Guinea's public health system that could have mounted a response to the first small outbreak before it spread.

      Guinea-Bissau, Guinea and Sierra Leone
      Tired of war

      The Economist Mar 2nd 2013
      After decades of misrule and military coups that severely impoverished the country, Guineans in 2010 elected the long-time opposition leader, Alpha Condé, as their president, who promptly clipped the wings of the generals. The defence ministry is now run by a lawyer.
      But 4 years later....
      “‘i love myself.’ the quietest. simplest. most powerful. revolution ever.” ---- nayyirah waheed

      Avatar: Franz Marc, Liegender Hund im Schnee 1911 (My posts are not intended as advice or professional assessments of any kind.)


      • #4
        Re: Ebola virus is in Guinea since 1982, according to a doctor

        [Clinico-epidemiologic and laboratory research on hemorrhagic fevers in Guinea].

        [Article in French]
        Boiro I1, Lomonossov NN, Sotsinski VA, Constantinov OK, Tkachenko EA, Inapogui AP, Balde C.

        In 1982-1983, were reported the cases of haemorrhagic fevers among populations living in the Madina-Ula district of Guinea. Clinico-epidemiological and serological studies (experimental studies) reveal into presumption of Ebola and Lassa fever viruses significance in the etiology of the disease outbreaks. Antibodies to Ebola virus were recognized in 19% from total number of sweating reconvalescent patients with the same clinical features, in order to 8% in healthy local populations. Antibodies to Lassa virus were detected in 3 cases, in 4 cases was revealed Lassa virus antigen in small rodents.


        See also:

        Liberia: Antibodies to Ebola Highly Prevalent in 1986 - Study

        2004 study: Ebola HF predicted in the humid rain forests of western Africa

        “Addressing chronic disease is an issue of human rights – that must be our call to arms"
        Richard Horton, Editor-in-Chief The Lancet

        ~~~~ Twitter:@GertvanderHoek ~~~ ~~~


        • #5
          Re: Ebola virus is in Guinea since 1982, according to a doctor

          Translation Google

          Ebola: "startling" study in Guinea

          18 minutes ago

          The discovery Tuesday of a report revealing that the Ebola virus emerged in Guinea 32 years ago invalidates the assertion that the disease is a new phenomenon in West Africa.

          According Nyankoye Lamah, former Minister of Health, who found evidence of the virus in a rural area in 1982, the epidemic would have been covered up by the government of that time. The authorities did not want the subject to be disclosed..

          This revelation was made during a meeting between the Guinean president and staff health at retirement. Officials from the Ministry of Health has confirmed the existence of the document.

          According to the study done in 1987, but never published, Ebola emerged in Guinea in 1982 in the sub-prefecture of Madina Oula in Kindia 135 km from Conakry, the capital.

          The observations were made ​​by the Russians and Guineans researchers.

          The astonishment in Guinea

          According to the BBC Africa correspondent in Conakry, the news was a surprise to many people.

          President Alpha Conde said he had not been informed of the existence of the Ebola virus in Guinea in the 80s, while placing responsibility in Nyankoye Lamah who was his Minister of Health for more then one year.

          The latter defends himself by claiming to have drawn the attention of health authorities in the 1990s.

          "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
          -Nelson Mandela


          • #6
            Re: Ebola virus is in Guinea since 1982, according to a doctor

            According to the study done in 1987, but never published, Ebola emerged in Guinea in 1982 in the sub-prefecture of Madina Oula in Kindia 135 km from Conakry, the capital.
            But Gert found those published studies.

            I don't think there was any cover-up: one our prominent U.S. researchers, Daniel Bausch, simply did not know Ebola cases had been found in Guinea decades ago:


            Possibly the findings of African doctors are simply ignored by there counterparts elsewhere.
            “‘i love myself.’ the quietest. simplest. most powerful. revolution ever.” ---- nayyirah waheed

            Avatar: Franz Marc, Liegender Hund im Schnee 1911 (My posts are not intended as advice or professional assessments of any kind.)