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Congo (RC) - Mpox (monkeypox) outbreak 2023

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  • Congo (RC) - Mpox (monkeypox) outbreak 2023

    Translation Google

    Ladies and gentlemen

    The Ministry of Health and Population was informed on August 22, 2023 of the appearance of several suspected cases of Monkeypox in the IMPFONDO health district resulting clinically in:
    • An unquantified fever;
    • Joint pain;
    • A generalized rash.
    Faced with this situation, 8 samples were taken and sent to the National Public Health Laboratory in Brazzaville. After analysis of the latter, 7 samples were found to be positive for Monkeypox virus or monkey pox.

    In view of these results and in accordance with the provisions of the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005) of which the Republic of Congo is a signatory, the Government of the Republic, through my voice, declares the epidemic of monkeypox in the health district of 'IMPFONDO.

    Monkeypox is a disease that affects both animals and humans.

    It is highly contagious and can cause death if treatment is started late.

    It is transmitted from animals to humans but also from human to human when the latter has come into contact with infected wild animals or contaminated game meat.

    To date, the situation is as follows:
    • 7 confirmed cases;
    • 1 cas probable ;
    • 2 cas suspects ;
    • 0 deaths.
    To protect themselves from this disease, the Government invites the population to observe the following measures:
    • avoid contact with bare hands with wild animals and/or game meat;
    • wash your hands regularly and correctly with clean water and soap or by using a hydroalcoholic solution after handling wild animals and game meat;
    • avoid contact with anyone showing signs of this disease;
    • avoid as far as possible places where wild animals gather and their corridors.
    The Government of the Republic reassures the Congolese population that the executives and agents of the Ministry of Health and Population are hard at work in the field to control these epidemics. He urges the population to use the nearest health services, in the event of any suspicious case.


    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela

  • #2

    Week 41: 09 October - 15 October 2023
    Data as reported by: 17:00; 15 October 2023


    Republic of Congo


    22 Cases
    2 Deaths
    9.1% CFR


    The Republic of Congo has been experiencing a new
    wave of Mpox outbreak since 22 August 2023.
    Since the beginning of 2023 untill 11 October, a total
    of 22 cases, including two deaths (CFR 9.1%), have
    been reported from two of the 12 departments of the
    Republic of Congo, namely, Likouala and Brazzaville,
    respectively located in the northern and southeastern
    parts of the country. Of note, in 2022, five laboratory
    confirmed cases including three deaths were reported
    from Likouala, Sangha and Pointe-Noire departments.
    Of the 22 reported cases, 18 (81.8%) were laboratory
    confirmed and four (18.2%) were probable cases. Most
    of the cases, 21 (95.5%) cases were reported in Likouala
    department, including 13 cases (nine confirmed, four
    probable) from Impfondo and eight confirmed cases
    from Enyellé-Bétou health districts. Only one confirmed
    case was recorded in Brazzaville department from
    Talangaï health district.

    The two deaths were recorded in Likouala department.
    The first death occurred in a 13-day-old male who
    developed fever, respiratory distress and mucocutaneous
    lesions on 30 September 2023 and died on 05 October
    2023. No sample was collected for laboratory testing.
    The second death occurred on 07 October 2023, in a
    9-month-old male who developed similar symptoms on
    18 September 2023. Specimen results from the National
    Public Health Laboratory were positive for Mpox by PCR
    on 7 October 2023.

    More than 60.0% (n=11) of the confirmed cases were
    aged over 20 years, while 22.0% (n=4) were under 10
    years old, with a sex ratio of M/F = 0.8.


    Surveillance activities including case investigation,
    active case search and contact tracing have been
    strengthened through regular field workers briefing
    and distribution of case definition in healthcare
    facilities in the affected districts.

    Risk communication and community sensitization are
    being conducted with the support of community
    health workers, and Mpox awareness messages
    are being broadcast through the local radio in
    Likouala department.

    Mpox PCR testing and confirmation are now
    being performed at the National Public Health
    Laboratory in Brazzaville.

    Clinical management of cases is ongoing at
    Impfondo’s referral hospital, while infection
    prevention and control measures are being
    reinforced in the affected districts.


    The Republic of Congo is one of the African countries
    with historical monkeypox virus transmission, with
    outbreaks being reported mainly among indigenous
    peoples in Likouala department. The current response
    is being hindered by limited funding to implement
    the response plan. National authorities and partners
    need to escalate resource mobilization to support the
    country in carrying out adequate and comprehensive
    preparedness and response interventions.

    "Safety and security don't just happen, they are the result of collective consensus and public investment. We owe our children, the most vulnerable citizens in our society, a life free of violence and fear."
    -Nelson Mandela