Emerg Infect Dis

. 2021 Jan 12;27(3).
doi: 10.3201/eid2703.204079. Online ahead of print.
COVID-19 Outbreak in a Large Penitentiary Complex, April-June 2020, Brazil

Fernando A Gouvea-Reis, Patrícia D Oliveira, Danniely C S Silva, Lairton S Borja, Jadher Percio, Fábio S Souza, Cássio Peterka, Claudia Feres, Janaína de Oliveira, Giselle Sodré, Wallace Dos Santos, Camile de Moraes


An outbreak of coronavirus disease began in a large penitentiary complex in Brazil on April 1, 2020. By June 12, there were 1,057 confirmed cases among inmates and staff. Nine patients were hospitalized, and 3 died. Mean serial interval was ≈2.5 days; reproduction number range was 1.0-2.3.

Keywords: Brazil; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus disease; infectious diseases; outbreaks; overcrowding; prisons; public health; severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2; underlying medical conditions; viruses; zoonoses.